Mary’s X Files, August 2019

Repair iCloud and sync problems
1. Check system status – If iCloud syncing or features are not working, it may not be your fault, it could be Apple’s. Go to and see if there’s a fault.

2. Check the time – If the date and time are wrong, it could affect apps that sync through iCloud. Open System Preferences>Date & Time and check the Date & Time and Time Zone are correct.

3. Disable syncing – Go to System Preferences>iCloud and disable all iCloud options. No information is lost, but it breaks the connection. Restart the Mac, return here and enable everything.

4. Sign out – Sometimes you need to sign out of iCloud to fix problems. Try keeping a copy of your data. Restart, sign in and if iCloud still isn’t working, try not keeping a copy.

5. Try Apple ID – Is there something wrong with your Apple account or the Wi-Fi connection? Open Safari, go to and see if you can sign in. There should be no problems.

6. Refresh calendar – If events are not syncing in the Calendar app, open the View menu and select ‘Refresh Calendar’. Syncing can take up to an hour depending on the settings, so try this.

Check Other Devices
Syncing and other iCloud account problems could be because of something on the Mac, but it could be the result of something on another device, like an iPhone or iPad. To fix iCloud you may need to fix it not only on the Mac but also on every other device that uses it. All devices use the same account and so you may need to disable syncing or sign out everywhere and then power the devices off and then on again.

1. Stop using iCloud – A fix that may work is to stop using iCloud, then start again. After disabling everything on the Mac (step 3), disable everything on iOS devices in Settings>your Apple ID>iCloud.

2. Sign out – Sign out everywhere – Mac, iPhone and iPad. On iOS, go to Settings>your Apple ID and tap ‘Sign out’. Power off, power on, sign in. Try it with the switches on and then off.

How to view your Mac storage data
If you want to start optimising the space on your Mac’s hard drive then this can be done straight from the Apple menu, like so…

1. Click Apple menu – Click on the Apple logo menu item and choose ‘About This Mac’, then click on the ‘Storage’ tab at the top of the main overview window.

2. Start optimising – Your Mac will display how much free space is on the disk and how the occupied space is being used. If space is tight, click on the ‘Manage’ button.

3. Recommendations – Your Mac will suggest ways in which you can save space on your Mac quickly and easily. Click on the buttons to perform the corresponding action.

Perform a free malware check
One thing we haven’t yet touched on is malware and how it can be the root cause of a misfiring Mac if left undetected. Thankfully, there is lots of free malware- scanning software available, such as Malwarebytes. This app offers a free trial, so you can scan your Mac and see if there is any malware present before deciding whether to purchase the software to perform more frequent checks.

1. Download app – Go to and click on the ‘Free Download’ button to save the software to your Mac. Once it has downloaded, double-click the .pkg file and go through the installation process.

2. Allow software – When you first run the software you will need to authorise it. Go to System Preferences>Security & Privacy and then click on the ‘Allow’ button at the bottom of the window.

3. Start scanning – You’re now all set. Go back to the app and click ‘Done’ and then select the ‘Scan Now’ option. The app will then carry out an intensive scan of your Mac HD and provide a detailed report.

Go Menu
~MacLife UK
The key combos listed in Finder’s Go menu are worth memorizing. They work not just in Finder windows, but in Open and Save dialogs, too. Use them to help declutter the sidebar a bit, and make room for your personal, project– specific folders.

Mary’s X Files, July 2019

Flash Mac Notifications

~iCreate Magazine

If audible alerts are often missed on your Mac you can go to System Preferences>Accessibility>Audio and enable ‘Flash the screen when an alert sound occurs’. The subtle screen flash when a new notification comes in will make sure that important notifications are never missed.

A Trackpad Hack on iOS

~iCreate Magazine

You may be aware of this feature, but if not, it will completely change how you use your iPhone. Hold down on the spacebar of your keyboard in any app that supports written input and a virtual trackpad will appear for you to navigate to a particular point. It is much easier to use if dexterity is more difficult for you.

Make an Apple logo () on a Mac

~iCreate Magazine

You may not think that creating an Apple logo is a big deal, but there are many times when it could come in handy and make messages and emails more personal. Simply hit Option+ Shift+K and a sweet looking Apple logo will be input.

Hack Fast Charging on iPhone

~iCreate Magazine

When your battery is low and you need to go out, every minute is crucial to get enough charge for your trip. Go to the Control Center and hit the Airplane Mode icon before you charge to speed up the process. It really does make a difference.

Where Have you Been?

~iCreate Magazine

When browsing using Safari, tap and hold the back icon at the bottom of the screen (on iPhone) or at the top of the screen (on Mac) to see all of your recent history. This will bring up a list of websites and you can tap any one of these if you want to jump straight back to it. A brilliant solution to an annoying problem.

I’m At…

~iCreate Magazine

In Messages on iOS, you can type ‘I’m at’  (+ spacebar) and you will see an option for ‘Current Location’ appear. Tap this and a map showing your current location will immediately be sent to the other party. It’s a simple way to let someone know where you are at this exact moment.

Using mailboxes on a Mac in the ‘Mail’ App

~iCreate Magazine

How to keep your emails organized — if you generally receive stacks of emails every day, then staying organized and finding the ones that you need to respond to quickly and easily can be a nightmare. But by creating a new mailbox within Mail, you can store and recall emails easily.

1. Create a New Mailbox

Mailboxes are another name for folders and are best used to store, for example, receipts or newsletters. To create one, go to Mailbox>New Mailbox or right-click in the Mailboxes sidebar.

2. Select a Location

Your new mailbox can either be located on your Mac (meaning it can’t be accessed from other devices or through a web browser) or within your Mail account. We would certainly recommend the latter.

3. Name and save

Finally, give your new mailbox a logical and memorable name that best describes its contents. Keep it short so it isn’t cut off when displayed in the sidebar. Click ‘OK’ to create the mailbox.

Mary’s X Files, June 2019

Turn Your iPhone into a Magnifier
~iCreate Magazine
Have you ever squinted while trying to view some small print on a page or wondered what that tiny mark on the carpet could be? Unless you have very good eyesight or a magnifying glass to hand, you’re likely to struggle, but, with a few taps in the Settings app of your iPhone, help is at hand.

That’s because, tucked away within the Accessibility settings, iOS has a hidden magnifying feature which makes use of your device’s camera. While it was designed primarily for people who have problems with their vision, it can certainly be useful for everybody at one time or another. Even better, it comes with a host of features that let you shine a light on the object you’re magnifying, temporarily freeze what you’re looking at and even alter the colors. What’s more, once you’ve activated it, it can be at your service within seconds.

1. Launch Settings
The Magnifier option must be turned on within the settings before you can use it. You will find the option in the Settings app by navigating to General>Accessibility.

2. Select Magnifier
Under the section marked Vision, you will find an option called Magnifier which will be turned off by default. Simply tap and you’ll be taken to a page with slider buttons.

3. Turn options on
Ensure the slider next to Magnifier is green by sliding your finger on it and then decide if you also want the feature to adjust the brightness and contrast automatically.

4. Activate the Magnifier
Add Magnifier to Control Center for easy access. Now, when you’re looking at something which you’d like to enlarge – perhaps words in a newspaper – select the Magnifier icon in the Control Panel.

5. Use the slider
You’ll see a slider at the bottom of the screen. Moving it left and right will allow you to zoom in and out while tapping the padlock will allow you to lock the focus.

Reading QR codes on iPhone
~Essential Apple User Magazine
1. You can read a QR code with the Camera app. A QR code is a machine-readable pattern made up of black and white squares that typically opens a URL. To scan one, hover the camera over the code.

2. There’s no need to press the shutter button. This process is easier in iOS 12 as Apple has added a frame around the code, making it easier to scan. When you get a notification, tap it to activate the QR code.

Tips for Using Apple Pencil
~Essential Apple User Magazine
1. Trace Paper
You might not have thought about it but it’s entirely possible to trace through a sheet of paper and onto the iPad Pro screen; as long as you push down firmly, you can draw through the paper and onto the screen. It’s best to use reasonably thin paper and not card.

2. Annotate in Mail
It’s also possible to draw directly onto attachments (images and PDF documents) in Mail using the Apple Pencil. Tap on an attachment and choose Markup. Now you can draw directly onto the attachment using the Markup tools.

3. Signatures
Another great trick in Markup is to add your signature to documents. Tap an attachment in Mail and select Markup. Then tap the Signature icon. Tap Add or Remove Signature and sketch your signature with the Apple Pencil; you can then add it to PDF documents in Mail.

4. It’s possible to use Apple Pencil with the latest releases of Apple’s iWork productivity suite, that is, the Pages, Numbers and Keynote apps. With the Apple Pencil, you can quickly add drawings and sketches to your word processor documents, spreadsheets and presentations.

Find document location on a Mac
~MacFormat Magazine
Put the pointer over a document’s name in its window’s title bar. Click the arrow that appears and you’ll see the document’s location displayed in the Where pop-up menu; select an alternative location from that menu to move the doc.

Free up Space on Your Mac
~MacFormat Magazine
If your Mac’s getting full, choose > About This Mac > Storage > Manage. In the window that appears, you’ll see macOS’s recommendations for ways you can recover space. Do back up important content to an external drive first, though.

Take an app full-screen on Mac
~MacFormat Magazine
Assuming an app supports full- screen mode, you can make one of its windows take over the display. Hit the green button on the window’s upper, left corner.

Mary’s X Files, May 2019

Create Smart Albums in Photos on Mac
~iCreate Magazine

The Photos app has some brilliant features that enable you to organise the photographs you take on your iPhone or digital camera into albums. For example, there are Smart Albums that automatically update as you add new images to Photos. They enable you to create rules that define the photos that are included, such as selfies, portraits, date taken, slo-mo and more. The Photos app has built-in AI that enables it to recognise scenes and objects in photos without you having to add tags or categorise them. It can find all photos of buildings, animals, lakes, boats, all pictures with clouds, all sports photos and more. Use the AI to find photos then turn them into albums.

1. Get smart – Although photo albums can be created manually, it can be a lot of work adding images. Smart Albums are automatic. Go to the ‘File’ menu and select ‘New Smart Album’.

2. Create a rule – Enter a name for the Smart Album and then look at the rule below. It needs modifying, so click the first item and select the condition to be met for photos to be included.

3. Configure the conditions – There are three or four conditions to configure.

4. View your album – After creating the rule, the Smart Album is added to the sidebar. Select it to view the photos it contains. Ctrl+click it to display a menu and select ‘Edit Smart Album’.

5. Add more conditions – If there are photos in the Smart Album that do not belong, click the ‘+’ icon to the right of the condition and add more. For example, select ‘Photo’, ‘is not’, and ‘Panorama’.

6. Use smart search – Photos has built-in AI, object and scene recognition, which is great for creating photo albums. Click in the search box and type a word, then select a suggested category.

Control Startup Sounds
~iCreate Magazine
Does your Mac have a startup sound? Old ones do, so press F10 to mute the sound before powering off if you want to enable a silent start next time. Modern Macs start silently anyway, but if you miss the old startup sound, some people have found that entering ‘sudo nvram BootAudio=%01’ into Terminal works and ‘%00’ stops it.

Tweak the Menu Bar on Mac
~iCreate Magazine
You can move menu bar icons by holding down the Cmd key, hovering over one and then dragging it to a new position. You can also remove or add system icons by going to their respective preference panels in System Preferences and ticking or unticking the boxes at the bottom.

Say it Right for Siri
~iCreate Magazine
If Siri has trouble pronouncing certain names correctly then you can rectify this by saying, “Learn how to pronounce [contact name]”. Siri will then provide a selection of different pronunciations (that you can listen to by clicking the Play button) and you just have to pick the one that sounds the closest.

Search Notes with Siri
~iCreate Magazine
If you, like us, keep pages and pages of random notes then you can task Siri with finding a particular note – as long as you know one or two keywords. Say something like, “Find my note containing [keyword],” and Siri will launch your Notes app and provide an array of possible matches.

Send Messages using Siri
~iCreate Magazine
As the Messages app is universal between Mac and iOS, you can compose and send messages using just your voice. Start by saying, “Send message to [insert name],” and when Siri asks what you want to say, dictate the text. You will then be prompted to save the message or cancel it. You may have to verify the phone number if you have multiple entries for the same person in Contacts.

Put a Stop to Scam Calls
~iCreate Magazine

So your iPhone rings and it’s a number you don’t recognise. You answer it, there’s a slight pause and the caller claims to be from Microsoft asking about an issue it reckons you have with Windows. Notwithstanding the fact that you use macOS, you just know it’s a scam so you hang up and curse the wasted time. But is there a way to stop these guys from calling in the first place? Indeed there is: by only allowing pre-verified contacts or anyone persistently calling within three minutes to get through to you.
The trick makes use of Do Not Disturb and it’s entirely free. It’s particularly useful if you’re being bombarded by scam calls but it does mean you’ll need to add people you want to let call to your contacts list. Combine it with blocking, however, and you’ll finally get some peace.

1. Pull the plug – If you find you’re getting too many spam calls, then you can take drastic action and pull the plug on anyone except your contacts. Open Settings and tap ‘Do Not Disturb’.

2. Switch it on – At the top of the screen, you’ll see a switch next to Do Not Disturb. Make sure that this is switched on by toggling it to green.

3. Filter callers – When Do Not Disturb is activated, you can still allow some people to call you. To select a group of people you wish to let through, start by tapping ‘All Calls From’.

Mary’s X Files, April 2019

Create Unbreakable Passwords
~iCreate Magazine
Every Mac has a brilliant password-generator built in, and it’s called Keychain Access. This is stored in a folder called Utilities in your Applications folder and you can find it with a simple Spotlight search. Locate it and then open it.

1. Save passwords – Whenever you open a new account, be it in an app or website, a strong password will be automatically generated for you and, if used, automatically stored to your Keychain and then filled in automatically when needed.

2. View passwords – You can view your stored passwords in Keychain Access. Select ‘Passwords’ as the featured Category and then double- click on a password-protected item. Now click ‘Show password’, sign in, and then it will be shown.

3. Create passwords – You can click on the ‘+’ icon to create new Keychain items. Fill in the item name (or URL), account name and click on the key icon. This will help you generate a strong password to help protect the account.

Top Five Password Tips
~iCreate Magazine

1. Try to use at least 12 characters in the password so that anyone trying to crack it will need to spend a long time working through the options.

2. Mix and match letters, numbers and symbols. Come up with a memorable sentence that contains both and turn it into a mnemonic to help you remember it.

3. Try to avoid using actual dictionary words. It’s far more secure to go for random letters or a mixture of several random words.

4. Don’t just tack a number one numeral on to the end of your usual password because this is incredibly common. Slip numbers into the middle instead.

5. Mix up your passwords. We know it’s difficult but try and have a different one for each account you use to prevent a hacker from being able to access everything.

New Advertising Options in Mojave
~iCreate Magazine

Your Mac’s Privacy options have been enhanced by macOS Mojave because we now have the Advertising section added to the list in System Preferences > Security&Privacy > Privacy.

Click on this to opt out of receiving ads specifically targeted to your Mac habits. Click ‘Reset Advertising Identifier’ to clear information stored on you or ‘View Ad Information’ to see the info.

Manage Cookies
~iCreate Magazine

Whenever we visit an online site, it’ll leave a cookie on your Mac that checks to see if we have visited that site before and possibly tailor the content accordingly. You have full freedom over what sites can and can’t leave cookies and you can manage this by going to Safari>Preferences>Privacy and clicking ‘Manage Website Data’. Highlight and click ‘Remove’ to delete specific cookies.

Use a VPN
~iCreate Magazine

If you use your MacBook to access public Wi-Fi networks then it is a very good idea to use a Virtual Private Network (VPN) to encrypt all of the data transferred across the network and route it to an end point operated by your VPN provider. Research online for a reliable VPN provider and then, to set it up on your Mac, go to System Preferences>Network, click ‘+’, select ‘VPN’ as the interface and enter the provider details.

Mary’s X Files, March 2019

Tidy up your Files on macOS
~MacFormat Magazine
If you use your desktop as a dumping ground for files, you may often end up looking at a hideous mess – and standard view options in Finder can only do so much. But with masOS Mojave, you can wrench order from chaos by using Desktop Stacks. Command-click on the desktop and choose “Use Stacks”.

Stacks automatically sort whatever’s on your desktop by kind, date or tag. Also, you can scrub through items, or click a stack to see what’s lurking within. Zero-effort tidying!

Selling your Old iOS Device
~MacFormat Magazine
When you’re selling an old iOS device, keeping things tidy is of paramount importance. If you plan to use the data on a new device, back it up first. (Ideally, restore it to the new device before you ship the old one, just in case.) Then, in “Settings” on the device you’re selling, tap your name and sign out of iCloud. Then, in “General>Reset”, select “Reset All Settings”. Once the device has erased everything and reset, shut it down in the usual manner, and remove the SIM. Note that if you forget to remove a device from iCloud, you can do so later in Safari for Mac at

Top Tips for Backup Success on macOS
~MacFormat Magazine
1. Make sure you have at least two backup copies of every piece of data you consider important.
2. Periodically verify that your backups are in working order.
3. Automate backups, whatever system you’re using. Only manually triggering them is a good way to forget and end up with no fallback.

1. Remove apps and system files, unless you definitely won’t ever need to reinstall your whole system and apps.
2. Carve a drive in two for multiple backup/cloning systems (like Time Machine and SuperDuper). Use a separate drive for each one.

How to Retain Siri Results in macOS
~MacFormat Magazine
1. Wake up Siri: Siri is a useful tool on macOS, but can be a little transient. Keeping a log of what’s been said is actually pretty easy though. Start by opening up Siri, either from the dock, the menu bar, or pressing “Command+Spacebar”.

2. Ask a Question: Siri’s range of knowledge – as long as you have an internet connection, of course – is pretty broad. Ask a question and you’ll get a brief summary. Ask for the result to be read out, or for more information, and you’ll get it.

3. Keep the Result Around: Siri’s displayed results each come with a small + icon in the top-right corner. Clck this and they’ll be pinned to Notification Center’s “Today” view, where they’ll stay until you click the “X” to close them – great for watching sports fixtures.

Prioritise Networks on MacOS
When the Mac is started the Wi-Fi is enabled and it begins searching for networks. There are often several, such as yours and all your neighbors’. Which should it connect to? The strongest? That may not be the one you want.

It actually connects in the order in
which networks are listed in System> Preferences>Network>Advanced>Wi-Fi.

Stop Distractions on MacOS
Pop-up notifications can be distracting when you are working. Some notifications require a click to dismiss. Enable “Do Not Disturb” from dawn till dusk to stop distractions. Go to System Preferences>Notifications and set the DND option.

Always Show Scrollbars on macOS
Scrollbars in windows and apps should be easy to use, but somehow macOS has turned them into a game of hide-and-seek. If you find them awkward to use then head to System Preferences>General and select the ‘Always’ option under ‘Show Scrollbars’.

Mary’s X Files, February 2019

Is There a Way to Block Certain Incoming Texts in iOS?
~Macworld Magazine
A Macworld reader wants to know if there’s a way in iOS to block texts from everyone who isn’t in the Contacts list. Her elderly mother is receiving harassing texts from someone who obtains a new number and continues the attack every time they are stymied using iOS’s option to block texts (along with FaceTime requests and calls).

There isn’t such a feature, although you’d think this would be a much-desired one. Apple has continued to add anti-spam and contact- blocking features across the latest releases of iOS, and allows third-party app makers to tap into calls and texts to help, too.

Apple does offer a feature to sort iMessages – texts sent from people with registered iCloud accounts – into a separate area. Visit Settings/ Messages/Unknown & Spam, and enable Filter Unknown Senders. (On a Mac, using Messages/Preferences, and uncheck the Notify me about Messages from Unknown Contact box.)

This doesn’t act on text messages (SMS), which are always delivered and is more likely the problem faced.

The only option at present is to change one’s phone number and keep it private.

Essential monthly maintenance tasks
1. Check the drives- Sometimes the file system has minor errors, so repair them before they become major. Open Disk Utility, select each internal and external drive and click ‘First Aid’.

2. Update everything – If automatic updates are disabled, check by opening Software Update in System Preferences. Select ‘Updates’ in the App Store. Check non-store apps for updates too.

3. Make backups – Time Machine is simple and convenient, but tools like SuperDuper ( clone the Mac’s drive to a USB drive and makes it bootable.

4. Tidy up Mail – Open the Mail app and cancel subscriptions to newsletters you never read with the link. Search for emails with attachments and delete any you don’t need.

5. Uninstall unused apps- Are there apps you never use? Show the Applications folder in List view, Ctrl+click a header and select ‘Date Last Opened’. Delete apps you have not used for a long time.

6. Run system scripts- Open Terminal. Enter ‘ls -al /var/log/*. out’ to see when macOS last ran cleanup and maintenance scripts. Run them now by entering ‘sudo periodic daily weekly monthly’.

Applying lists and sub-lists
Lists of items are easy to create in TextEdit, and there is a toolbar button to turn a line of text into a bullet point using several different symbols or a numbered or alphabetical list. Just type something and then click the last button in the TextEdit toolbar. How do you create a sub-list within a list or a sub-list of a sub-list? There is no obvious way to do it – no menu or toolbar, but it can be done.

1. Create a sub-list – Create lists by entering text. Click the last button in the toolbar to select the list design. To turn a list item into a sub-list place the cursor at the start and press Option/Alt+Tab.

2. Customise sub-lists – While in the sub-list, click the list button. Select ‘Show More’, select Bullet>Number style and insert prefix and suffix text. Use Prepend to add the parent list marker.

Always show Scrollbars on MacOS
Scrollbars in windows and apps should be easy to use, but somehow macOS has turned them into a game of hide-and-seek. If you find them awkward to use then head to System Preferences>General and select the ‘Always’ option under ‘Show Scrollbars’.

Reduce motion/transparency on MacOS
Some elements of the macOS interface are semi-transparent – the menu bar is one example. Some people like it, others don’t. The effect can be turned on and off in System Preferences>Accessibility>Display. You might also want to enable ‘Reduce motion’, which stops some animation effects.

Mary’s X Files, January 2019

New Ways to Navigate your iPad
The iPhone X revamped the way you get around Apple’s smartphone, and iOS 12 brings its more fluid navigational gestures to the iPad too. This is great news if you have an iPad and one of Apple’s newer iPhones, because you don’t have to adapt your thinking as you move between devices. Additionally, the clock has beween moved to the top-left corner of the screen, which matches iPhone X. There’s no setting to move it back to the middle, though.

How to Navigate:

1. Review Notifications: Like in iOS 11, notifications can be reviewed by swiping down from the screen’s top edge – but avoid the right end, because…

2. Relocated controls: The top-right corner is now reserved for Control Center. Like on the iPhone X, swipe downwards from the icons there to reveal it.

3. A cleaner app switcher: As in iOS 11, you still swipe upwards from the bottom edge to around the middle of the screen to enter the app switcher. Notice, though, that the switcher now displays nothing more than other tasks you can switch to – there are no controls or shortcuts on its right side.

4. Return to Home: A quick flick upwards from the screen’s bottom edge will take you back to the Home screen – faster and less involved than pinching four or five fingers together, and great news if you iPad’s Home button is on its last legs.

5. Reveal the Dock: The slight drawback to the Home screen gesture is you need to be more deliberate when revealing the Dock within an app. Drag your finger upwards from the bottom edge a little more slowly, as if you’re literally pulling the Dock into view.

Measure up your World
There’s a brand-new app in iOS 12, Measure, and it’s available on iPhone and iPad. The app uses Apple’s augmented reality (AF) tech, ARKit 2, to measure the distance between points on flat surfaces.

Third-party apps beat Apple to this task when ARKit was first introduced, but the point is Apple now bundles an AR app with iOS.
Note that while the app can measure distances between points on flat surfaces, it can’t be used to measure the length of an arc on a curved surface, say.

1. Find a surface: You’ll be asked to move your device around, so the app can find flat surfaces in the view. A circular overlay will align with the detected plan and follow your aim.

2. Measure things: Tap the + to mark a point in space, point the camera elsewhere on the surface – distance is shown as you do – and tap + again to record the measurement.

3. Take note: The app will snap to an existing point if you aim it nearby. The arrow undoes a step, Clear starts over, and the other white circle takes a photo of the current view.

How do I turn my iOS keyboard into a trackpad?
Now for all!

This feature used to be reserved for owners of 3D Touch-enabled iPhones, but with the release of iOS 12 the feature has been extended to all devices.

1. Hold spacebar
To access the trackpad feature, simply press and hold on the spacebar and the rest of the iOS keyboard will fade out to the background…

2. Move cursor
Still pressing and holding on the screen, you can swipe your finger around to manually position the onscreen cursor anywhere within your text.

Create custom message responses on my Apple Watch
It’s all done through the Watch app on your iPhone. Launch the app and then tap ‘My Watch’, then scroll down to the list of apps and then tap on ‘Messages’. Now select ‘Default Replies’ and you will be presented with a list of default replies. Simply tap on any one of them and replace the text with whatever you want. You can also tap on ‘Add Reply’ to create a new response that will be added to the list. Tap ‘Done’ when you have finished to save your new messages and they will be synced to your Watch.

Increase the size of the text in Safari websites on the Mac
This is surprisingly easy to do within the Safari app itself. Simply go to the website that you want to read, right-click on the URL bar and then choose the ‘Settings For This Website’ option. You will now be able to adjust the zoom for individual sites. If you want to zoom in on every site you visit then go to Safari>Preferences> Page Zoom and then increase the zoom percentage next to the ‘When visiting other websites’ option in the lower-right corner of the window. This will then be applied to all sites going forward.

Mary’s X Files, December 2018

Which iPhone or iPad do I have?
~Essential iPhone & iPad Magazine
To identify which model of iPhone or iPad you have, go to Settings > General > About and look for the Model listing. Tap this listing and you’re shown a reference starting with ‘A’, followed by a four figure number. Write it down. In Safari, go to (iPads) or (iPhones). These pages, from Apple’s support site, list every model and their identifier numbers. Look for your own identifier number here.

Can My Phone or Pad run OS 12?
~Essential iPhone & iPad Magazine
iOS 12 is compatible with the following models of iPhone and iPad. System requirements are the same as for the previous version of iOS, so if you’re running iOS 11, you can run iOS 12.

iPhone X, iPhone 8, iPhone 8 Plus, iPhone 7, iPhone 7 Plus, iPhone 6s, iPhone 6s Plus, iPhone 6, iPhone 6 Plus, iPhone SE, iPhone 5s

12.9-inch iPad Pro, 2nd gen. 12.9-inch iPad Pro, 1st gen. 10.5-inch iPad Pro, 9.7-inch iPad Pro,
iPad 6th gen., iPad 5th gen., iPad Air 2, iPad Air,
iPad mini 4, iPad mini 3, iPad mini 2

iPod touch 6th generation

Translate More
~MacFormat Magazine
Siri in iOS12 is able to translate between more than 40 language pairs. Not sure if one you need is available? Just say “Translate” to Siri and it’ll return a list of the languages it works with.

HOW TO Search more precisely using Spotlight
~Mac|Life Magazine
1. Search by kind
Typing a single word is unlikely to pinpoint the exact file you want; adding the file’s kind can help. If you include extensions in your filenames, searching for things like ‘dog jpg’ may work; if not, try: ‘dog kind:image’.

2. Include the date
If you know the date you made a file, use the format ‘created:dd/mm/ yy’. To widen the search, type a range – say, ‘created:1/5/18-31/5/18’. You can search modification date, and before or after a date, too.

3. Edit and combine
You can combine criteria to be more specific – separate them with spaces. You can also use logical operators – AND, OR and NOT – to refine searches. For example, ‘kind:image NOT PSD’.

How to scan QR codes with your iPhone or iPad
~MacWorld Magazine
QR codes can be really handy. A grid of seemingly random black-and-white squares can hold enough information to store website URLs, contact information, email addresses, pre-defined SMS text messages, and even your Wi-Fi SSID and password.

Put a QR code on your business card, and people can copy all your contact info into their phone in a heartbeat. Post a QR code somewhere in your house, and guests can use it to instantly sign on to your Wi-Fi network. You used to need a third-party app to scan QR codes, but, with iOS 11, Apple built it right into the camera app. It couldn’t be easier to use.

How to Scan a QR Code:

1. First, open the Camera app.
2. Then, point the camera at a QR code so it can see it clearly.

That’s it! A notification should pop up with an action based on the QR code scanned. If it contains a Wi-Fi SSID and passcode, you can join the network with just a tap without the need for typing or tinkering with the Settings menu. If it contains contact info, you’ll be prompted to add the person to your iPhone’s Contacts.

QR codes won’t scan? Make sure it’s enabled in your Camera settings.
If you’re not seeing a notification well-lit and clearly in view, check to make sure the feature is enabled. Head to Settings, then Camera. Make sure Scan QR Codes is enabled (and it should be on by default).

Sign and Share Documents Digitally
~iCreate Magazine
If you need to sign a document, scan and send it digitally, then this is made easy with Preview’s built-in toolset. But in order to sign documents digitally, you must first create a signature. Go to View>Show Markup Toolbar and you should see a signature icon — click on this and then choose the ‘Create Signature’ option that appears. You should then be able to add a new signature by either using a trackpad or signing a piece of paper and then holding it up to you Mac’s camera.

1. Apply a Signature
When you have a saved signature, open the PDF and click on the Sign icon in the Markup Toolbar and choose your signature. It will be automatically placed in the document.

2. Position and Resize
Click and hold on the signature to move it into the desired location, and then click and drag one of the corners to resize it, scaling it down to fit if need be.

Mary’s X Files, November 2018

Mark up your screenshots on iOS
When iOS 11 was released this time last year, it introduced a system where you could start annotating screenshots taken on your iOS device as soon as the image is taken. This certainly saved the time of having to open them in your Photos app.

1. Take a screenshot Press the side/lock button and the Home button together and you will see a thumbnail of the image in the Dock – tap it. 2. Mark it up The screenshot that you took will now be opened in Markup mode. Use the tools available to add annotations.
3. Save image When you have finished, tap ‘Done’ and you will be able to share or save the modified screenshot to your Photos app.

Markup photos on Mac
Marking up photos on your Mac follows a similar method to iOS, but you have far more tools at your disposal, such as the option to draw freehand shapes that are auto-corrected into more professional-looking versions. There is much to try.

1. Select Edit In the Photos app on your Mac, double-click on an image to open it and then click the ‘Edit’ option in the toolbar.

2. Click Extensions Now click on the ‘…’ Extensions icon in the top-right corner and select ‘Markup’ from the menu of options.
3. Get creative The Mac Markup tools allow you to draw freehand shapes that then snap into more professional versions and much more…

Arrange your desktop automatically in Mac OS Mojave
If you use the Desktop as a quick way to manage often-used files, the new Stacks feature will save you lots of time and make your virtual filing cabinet more organized 1. Locate the option Open Finder and then minimize the main window. Now click ‘View’ to see new options appear for the desktop.

2. Enable Stacks Click ‘Use Stacks’ and you will see the desktop icons immediately move to the right in a uniform and logical order.
3. Cleaning up Your desktop just took on a new order that literally took you no time at all to create. It’s magic.

4. Choose how to view Back in the View menu, click ‘Group Stacks By’ and then choose your preference from Date Modified, Taps, etc. 5. Extra personalization You can still select View>Show View Options to customize icon size and grid spacing to your preferred view.
6. Expand Stacks When you click on a Stack it will open and display the files within it. Click again to immediately close the Stack.

How do I set up Apple Pay on my iPhone?
Open your Wallet app and then tap on the blue ‘+’ icon in the top-right corner. You can now add a card by framing it in your camera or by entering the details manually. When this is done you will receive a verification code from your bank. Once set up, go to Settings>Touch ID & Passcode to enable this.

Increase the size of the text in Safari websites
This is surprisingly easy to do within the Safari app itself. Simply go to the website that you want to read, right-click on the URL bar and then choose the ‘Settings For This Website’ option. You will now be able to adjust the zoom for individual sites. If you want to zoom in on every site you visit then go to Safari>Preferences> Page Zoom and then increase the zoom percentage next to the ‘When visiting other websites’ option in the lower-right corner of the window. This will then be applied to all sites going forward.