Mary’s X Files, May 2016

Why does Apple’s App Store use ‘Get’ for free apps?
Paul A. writes in with an App Store question: “I am a little confused by the terms used by the App Store when deciding to download and buy an app. What is the difference between “open” and “get”?”

Apple used to tag apps that cost nothing to download as “Free”, while it displayed the price for all others. However, it changed this label from “Free” to “Get” in November 2014, possibly as a result of settlements in 2013 and 2014 related to in-app purchases. Free-to-download apps can have in-app purchases, which muddied the water, although Apple puts a plus sign inside the Get button’s border if the app has such purchases. “Get” isn’t the best term—Paul isn’t the only one who scratched his head about it—but it’s more accurate than “free.”

Tap “Get” and the label changes to “Install”; tap that, and the app is marked in your account as something you purchased, despite not paying a cent to download it. Tap the price on a paid app, and it changes to “Buy”; tap that, and the transaction completes (often with the added necessity of entering your account password) and it’s also now in your account as a purchase.

You’ll see a cloud icon with a downward-pointing arrow if you’ve purchased or downloaded the app already and it’s not installed on the device you’re using; if it’s installed, the label reads “Open”, and tapping it simply opens the app on your device.

How to share your location and directions in Maps for iPhone and iPad
- Launch the Maps app from your Home screen.
- Tap the arrow in the bottom left corner of your screen. This will take you to your location on the map, marked by a pulsating blue dot. – Tap the Share button on the top right of the screen. It’s a box with an upward arrow.
- Tap the method you’d like to use to share your location.
- Share as you would normally in your chosen method.

You can easily share your location via group chat or into a Facebook event if you fancy.

How to Quickly Scroll to the Top of Your iPhone Screen While Sparing Your Thumb
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
Maybe you have thousands of songs stored on your phone or hundreds of emails in your inbox, maybe you just read a really long article online, or maybe you’re really important and popular and you have an endless list of contacts. Your thumb can sure get a workout scrolling back to the top of those lists. But did you know there’s an easy way to quickly scroll back the top of any page? There is! Here’s how to scroll to the top quickly while sparing your thumb.

The solution couldn’t be easier. To end the infinite thumbing your way to the top of the page, all you need to is tap the clock at the top, and you’ll be instantly taken back to the beginning of the list. This works on nearly any page where you’ve scrolled down whether it be email, a page in Safari, music, etc.

How to Redial a Phone Number on your iPhone
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
When you need to redial a number or call the person you previously talked to, there’s a really fast shortcut you can make from the Phone app. Instead of going to your Recents or searching through your contacts, if you’re calling the previous person you spoke to, you can do it with two quick taps.

To do this, open the Phone app. Tap on Keypad at the bottom of the menu. Tap the green call button and the previous number with contact name will fill-in at the top. Tap the green call button again to make the call.

Reset Spotlight after Repositioning in El Capitan
After doing a Spotlight search, reposition the window to the size and location you desire. After you have repositioned it, the box will appear in the same place the next time you press çommand+[Spacebar]. To reset the window’s size and position to its default settings, click and hold on Spotlight’s icon in the menu bar.

Edit a Photo in Preview in OSX
Double-clicking on the photo will automatically load it in the Preview app on a Mac by default. Select “View>Show Markup Toolbar” and you’re given a range of options, from rotating to complex saturation edits.

Import with Image Capture on Mac
You don’t need to load up the Photos app every time you want to do some image editing on your Mac. Connect whatever device your images are on and open the Image Capture app. Drag a picture to your desktop and choose whatever image editing application you desire to edit the image.

Mary’s X Files, April 2016

Use Emoji Shortcuts Instead of Switching Keyboards in iOS
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
Previously, we covered creating keyboard shortcuts to help you quickly type commonly used phrases. Did you know you can also create shortcuts for emoji characters (those cute emoticons that go way beyond your average smiley face)? This is handy if you use a lot of emoji characters and don’t want to switch back and forth between keyboards all the time.

Before you can do this, you’ll have to enable the emoji keyboard if you haven’t already: Go to Settings > General > Keyboards > Add New Keyboard > Emoji.

After you’ve enabled the emoji keyboard, go back to Keyboard and tap Shortcuts. Tap on the + in the upper right corner to create a new shortcut.

Next, tap on the smiley face or globe icon in the lower left between the number and mic icons.

This will take you to the emoji keyboard. In the Phrase field enter the emoji you are creating a shortcut for. Tap the ABC icon to switch back to the English keyboard and then enter a word in the Shortcut field and tap Save in the upper right corner.

Now every time you type this word the emoji character will automatically be substituted.

Shortcuts when Editing in Photos on Mac
Shortcuts in Photos also go directly to specific tools, even if you’re not yet in the editing view. Press C to open the Crop tool, F for filters, A for the Adjust tool, R for the Retouch tool, and E for the Red-eye tool. While you’re editing, press the arrow keys to switch to the previous or next photo without leaving the editing view.

To compare your edits to the original version of the photo, press the M key for a quick before-and- after.

How to Turn Off Government Alerts in iOS
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
There have been a couple of times now that I’ve been startled out of a deep sleep by my iPhone emitting a high pitched screeching sound. The sound was to make me aware of an AMBER (child abduction) Alert.

I think AMBER Alerts are a great thing and help save lives, but what annoyed me was that the alert

was from a city almost 300 miles away from me. Was it really relevant to me?

Most of the time the alerts are pinged off of cell towers and are specific to the area. I’m not sure why I received this particular alert, but it made me consider turning it off.

This is quite easy to do. Just go to Settings > Notifications > then scroll all the way down to the bottom and toggle AMBER Alerts Off. If you don’t see any Government Alerts options, this means your carrier does not offer this service and this tip does not apply to you.

Speed up startup times on Mac
If you are the only user of the Mac you can skip the login screen and go straight to the desktop.

To do this, simply go to your machine’s System Preferences>Users & Groups and then click “Login Options”. Click the padlock in the bottom-left corner and enter your password. Select your name next to Automatic Login.

A word of warning – this removes password security and should not be used on a Mac that other people, however infrequently, can access. It is super fast, but anyone can turn on your Mac and see your files, so use with caution.

Boost Wi-Fi network speeds on Mac
Wireless routers broadcast on what are called channels, and if two, such as you and a neighbour, use the same

channel, then performance suffers. Use Spotlight to find and run Wireless Diagnostics. Click Scan on the Windows menu and all networks and channels are listed. If yours clashes with a neighbour’s, enter your router’s IP address into Safari (eg and you can select another channel in the settings.

Shut down option on Mac
When you shut down, there is an option to Reopen windows when logging back in. Clear the tick box to prevent OS X wasting time opening the apps and windows you used last

Mary’s X Files, March 2016

Import from Camera to OSX App, Preview
**Import from Cameras** — Here’s something you probably didn’t know:

Preview can import images directly from cameras and scanners. Better yet, in Preview’s eyes, your iPhone or iPad counts as a camera.

To import pictures from a camera, connect it to your Mac via a USB cable, open Preview, and choose Import from _CameraName_ (for instance, Import from iPhone).

A window appears displaying thumbnails of the photos on that camera, largely mirroring the look and features of Apple’s Image Capture utility (which lives in the Utilities folder inside your Applications folder). By default, Preview displays the photos in a list, with EXIF information like the date and time the picture was taken, file size, resolution, GPS coordinates, aperture size, whether the flash was fired, and more. Even if you don’t want to use Preview to import your photos, it’s a handy way to view all that data.

Neat Trick via OSX App, Preview
Here’s another neat trick: if you select a file in the Finder, choose Edit > Copy (or press Command-C), and then invoke Preview’s “New from Clipboard” command. It creates a new document containing all sizes and resolutions of that file’s icon. It’s a great way to snag

an application or document icon!

Archive your Contacts

  1. Load up Contact — Open your Contacts app on your Mac by clicking its icon in the Dock or heading to your Applications folder and searching for it.
  2. Export menu — Now go up to File in the menubar and scroll down to the Export menu. From the options that slide out right, select Contact Achieve to continue.
  3. Safe place — All that’s left to do is save your Contacts archive to a safe destination. Hit “Save” when ready. your contact information is now safely backed up.

Share Huge files over Email
Fed up of using WeTransfer or Dropbox to transfer large file sizes over email? We were too, until we started using iCloud’s brilliant Mail Drop feature. As long as you have the ‘Send large attachments with Mail Drop’ setting ticked in the Advanced section of Mail>Preferences>Accounts, you can send files up to 5GB in size over email. The recipient will be sent a link to access the contents, which stays active for 30 days.

Using iCloud Drive
If you’re reading this and you haven’t set up iCloud yet, don’t worry — you’re not alone. Plenty of Apple users have resisted ‘the cloud’ for many reasons. We firmly believe that the positives far outweigh the negatives. Thankfully, Apple makes setting up an iCloud account simple. All you need is an Apple ID and the following instructions…

- Set up on Mac — Go to system Preferences and select iCloud. Activating iCloud is now as simple as entering your Apple ID and enabling which features you want synced.
- Set up on iOS — On your iOS device, head to your Settings menu and tap iCloud. Type in your apple ID credentials, tap Sign In and choose what you want to sync to iCloud.

How to Answer a Call with a Text Message
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
Sometimes, you just don’t have time to answer the phone. Especially if you’re driving, it’s often safer to send an iPhone automated message to let the person know you’ll call them back later. This function is accessible right from the call screen with different messages prepared for quick sending. Here’s how to answer a call with a text message if you happen to be busy.

When your phone is ringing, tap Message over Slide to Answer.

You will get a menu of responses and a Custom option. Tap “Can I call you later?”, “Sorry, I can’t talk right now.” or “I’m on my way.” Your phone will automatically send a text for you.

If you tap the Custom option, a text conversation with that person will appear. Type whatever you like! (But please don’t choose this option if you’re driving!). Tap Send, and you’re done.

Mary’s X Files, February 2016

Get Easy Access to Favorites in Photos
Staying organised in Photos is very important. One simple tip is to add images to your Favorites Album by tapping the heart symbol or hitting the full stop key.

Send and Receive Messages on Your Mac
You can send text messages to friends in OS X no matter what device they use, meaning you can leave your phone in your pocket at all times. The OS X app, Messages, also let you record voice messages.

How to Send International Text Messages
If you travel or do business internationally, you know how costly roaming charges are. Unless your mobile carrier is Sprint or T-mobile (both limited to 2 G data speed), you need an additional service plan to be able to text while abroad. Luckily, with iMessage, you can text from anywhere in the world for free, as long as you have a Wi-Fi connection.

The drawback of iMessage is that the person you’re texting must also have an iPhone. If that’s a deal breaker, I highly recommend using a messaging app like WhatsApp (free for your first year and only a dollar per year thereafter).

To text internationally via iMessage, first turn off your Cellular Data. Next, check that your iMessage app is enabled.

Return to Settings; tap Wi-Fi. Check that Wi-Fi is on and connected, and you’re ready to use iMessage from anywhere in the world.

Request a Desktop Site in Mobile Safari
When you’re on an iDevice (iPhone, iPad or iPod) in Safari, most sites will open up the mobile version by default, but there’s a clever workaround if you’d prefer the full site instead. Open the site and press on the URL bar before dragging downwards on your screen. A small menu will now appear with the “Request Desktop Site” option provided. The full website will load, ready for you to use.

How to Receive AirDrop Files on your iPhone
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
With AirDrop, you can wirelessly send and receive photos, videos, websites, locations, and more with nearby devices running on iOS 7 or later. You can also share with Macs running on Yosemite or later if your iPhone runs on iOS 8 or later. For AirDrop to work, both Wi-Fi and Bluetooth must be turned on and you must be signed into your iCloud account.

To receive a file over AirDrop, swipe up from the bottom of the screen. Select AirDrop. You can receive AirDrops from Everyone, Contacts Only, or turn if Off. I chose Everyone.

Show hidden URLs in Safari
~MacOSX El Capitan Genius Guide
Since upgrading to El Capitan, web browsing in Safari is terrible! Now I can’t see full URLs in the address bar!

- 1 Bring up Safari’s Preferences, either by heading to Safari>Preferences in the menu bar or by hitting Cmd+, (comma) on your Mac’s keyboard.

- 2 There’s a lot on offer inside Safari’s Preferences, but you’ll want to skip most of it and head to the Advanced tab at the far end.
- 3 To complete the process, click the checkbox next to ‘Show full website address’. You should see your change take place.

Split View of One App in El Capitan
Although Apple describes Split View as being a way to put two apps side by side with an appearance similar to full-screen mode, this new feature doesn’t restrict you to showing two different apps; you can put two windows from the same app side by side. This is useful with Finder when archiving contents from your Mac’s internal storage to another drive, to look at two revisions of a Pages document together, or to refer to a copy of a Numbers spreadsheet to look up and type cell references in the master.

How to Create a New Home Screen on your iPhone
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
As we accumulate more apps, we need more screen space to organize them all. You can create multiple Home Screens, allowing you to swipe through Home Screen pages and have access to as many apps as you want. At the bottom of your Home screen, above your stationary Dock apps, are dots indicating how many Home Screen pages you have. If you find you’re running out of space or want to step-up your organization game, here’s how to create a new Home Screen.

To create a new Home Screen, go to the last available Home Screen page you created. Tap and hold an app until it starts wobbling. Drag the app to the right edge of the last Home screen. This will create a new Home Screen.

Mary’s X Files, January 2016

How to Select Text in Trackpad Mode on your iPad in iOS 9
You can also use the virtual trackpad to select text. To select specific lengths of text:
- Launch the app you want to use and bring up the keyboard.
- Touch two fingers down on the keyboard to switch to the trackpad. – Tap two fingers once to select the word.
- Tap two fingers twice to select the sentence.
- Tap two fingers thrice to select the paragraph.

To select custom lengths of text:
- Touch two fingers down on the keyboard to switch to the trackpad. – Wait a moment for the cursor to switch to the text selector.
- Swipe your finger around to move the text selection point.

How to Assign Different Ringtones to Specific People on Your iPhone
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
It’s always fun to set a new ringtone, but what if you want different ringtones for specific people? Here’s how to set that up.

Open Contacts. Find the Contact you want to assign a ringtone to and tap Edit.

Scroll down and select Ringtone. Choose the song you want assign to that person. Tap Done.

How to delete items instantly or selectively from Trash
Reader Len writes:

I frequently use flash drives for backup and to transfer files from one computer to another. I often want to delete one or two files from a flash drive without emptying the trash. Is there any way to do this?

Starting in El Capitan, you’ve got an option for precisely this purpose. While I don’t use the Trash as a temporary repository—a kind of purgatory between an active file and the final bit bucket in the sky— but rather only for items I want to get rid of, many people I know stow stuff in Trash they think they might delete later.

Control-click an item or items in the Trash, and the Delete Immediately menu item appears.

Before El Capitan, you would have had to drag items out of the Trash to delete only those that remain. However, OS X 10.11 adds Delete Immediately. You can select any item or set of items in the Finder, hold down Option, and click the File menu to see Delete Immediately. (You can also press Command-Option-Delete for the same effect.)
This is also useful in the Trash, as you can select items in the Trash and Control-click to get Delete Immediately as a contextual menu item.

However you invoke it, Delete Immediately first prompts you to confirm the action and then erases the filesystem’s knowledge of the item or items selected right away, rather than pushing it through the Move to Trash and Empty Trash cycle. (As previously described, though, deleting files doesn’t securely erase them without extra effort.)

How to Change your Mac’s Default Web Browser and Email App
Back in the early days of OS X, Apple’s desktop operating system shipped with an Internet preference pane that let you change, among other things, your default Web browser and email app. At some point, Apple decided to put these settings in Safari and Mail, respectively, but with OS X Yosemite and later, the option to change your default Web browser returned to its rightful home in System Preferences.

If you’d like to change your Mac’s default browser, open System Preferences (look in the Apple menu if you don’t know where to find it), then click General. Next, find the pop-up menu labelled “Default web browser:” Click it, then choose whichever browser you’d like to use as your default.

The default browser picker. Not every app that appears here is a proper Web browser, however.

There are a couple other things you’ll want to be aware of. First, the Default web browser menu lists any app on your computer that can open Web pages, even if they aren’t necessarily a Web browser, per se. On my computer, for example, Evernote, Cyberduck (an FTP player), and Flip Player (which brings Windows Media compatibility to QuickTime) appear in the pop-up menu, but none of those are browsers.

If you want to change your default email app, you still need to go through Mail.

Second, if you want to change your email client, you still need to do so through Apple’s Mail app. Open Mail, then choose Preferences… from the Mail menu. Click General, then select a new email app from the Default email reader pop-up menu

Mary’s X Files, December 2015

iOS 9 Anticipates Which Audio App You Want to Use
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
One of the interesting new features of iOS 9 is its “proactive” smarts. Apple wants your device to anticipate what you want to do depending on the context. A good example of that is how your iPhone or iPad now responds when you plug in earbuds or headphones. Your device figures that you want to listen to something, and a small icon appears in the lower left corner of your lock screen that shows the most recent audio app you’ve been using, whether that’s Apple Music, Spotify, Podcasts, or any other app.

To use this new proactive feature of iOS 9, simply plug in a headset and the icon will appear at lower left in the lock screen.

If the icon that appears is indeed the app that you want to use, simply swipe up on it, and the app will open.

How to Mute Someone Who’s Pestering You in Messages
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
Sometimes particular conversations or individuals can become a bit of a nuisance in Messages — so much so that you’d like to stop receiving notifications for that conversation. Maybe you are part of a group conversation run amok or a family member likes to text you during work hours? Fortunately, you can turn on Do Not Disturb for any particular conversation.

To mute notifications for a conversation, open Messages and select the conversation that you’d like to mute. Then tap on details at upper right.

In the window that appears, toggle on the Do Not Disturb button.

You’ll then no longer receive notifications related to this conversation, but will continue to receive your other notifications. This works for both SMS texts and iMessages.

How to See if a Location in Maps Accepts Apple Pay
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
Apple Pay is slowly being adopted by different retail businesses and banks. To easily find out if Apple Pay is available at a location you plan to visit, you can check in Maps before visiting a store.

To see if a location accepts Apple Pay, open Maps. Search for your location and tap the arrow on the location’s bar.
The page for that location will pop up. Look next to Category and Price, if you see the Apple Pay logo, that store accepts it.

Muting Audio in Safari in El Capitan
Probably the most welcome addition is the ability to mute the audio content from a website. Sites are increasingly auto-playing video and having the accompanying audio (usually an advert) blasting out from your Mac is excruciatingly annoying. Any tab that is playing audio displays a blue speaker icon in the Smart Search field – filled in when the audio is coming from the current tab, and an outline when it’s from another tab. Click this blue icon and the sound from the current tab will be muted. Hold the option key when clicking it to mute all other tabs. Be aware that muting audio does not stop the video portion playing. If you have multiple tabs open, a small black audio icon appears on the right-hand side of any that’s playing audio. Clicking one of these mutes that specific tab, or you can hold the option key while clicking to mute all other tabs. Hold the control key and click a tab’s speaker icon to see the same options to mute that tab/others, and the titles of all tabs that are playing audio; you can click one of these titles to jump straight to that tab.

Move and Resize Spotlight Window in El Capitan
Spotlight’s window is no longer a fixed in size or position. First press çommand+[Spacebar] to open Spotlight, then enter your request. With some results shown, you can click and drag from the areas either side of the search field to reposition the window. The window can be resized from its top or bottom edge (remember that you can hold down the option key while dragging to resize in both directions at once).

New Photos’ Editing with Extensions in El Capitan
Photos’ editing capabilities take a big step forward with support for extensions, which enable third-party developers to make image-editing tools from their own apps available inside Photos (much like on iOS). This saves you exporting an image, editing it elsewhere, and bringing it back into Photos. Open a photo and click Edit > Extensions > More to view those available on your Mac. Extensions are bundled with apps from the Mac App Store.

Spotlight Keyboard Navigation in El Capitan
With so many different kinds of result shown in Spotlight, keyboard navigation can be more important than ever before. So, remember that holding the command key when pressing the up or down arrow keys jumps to the first result in the next category in the corresponding direction.

Mary’s X Files, November 2015

How to Use the Slideshow Feature in Photos
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
There’s a little know feature of Photos called Slideshow. You can visit any album in Photos and play the Slideshow. There are different picture display options, you can assign your own music, and change Slideshow speed. You can even Airplay your slideshow to a device such as Apple TV.

  1. To use the Slideshow feature, open Photos.
  2. I recommend selecting the individual Photos when using Slideshow, but it will also work with any album.
  3. Select a photo to begin. Tap the Share button and select Slideshow.
  4. It will immediately begin to play. If you’d like to change the display of pictures, music accompaniment, or speed tap Options. Tap Done once you’ve made your choice.

If you’d like to Airplay the slideshow on your Apple TV, tap the Airplay icon in the upper right corner and select Apple TV.

Quickly Locate Pointer in El Capitan
You can quickly locate the pointer just by shaking it. This enlarges it temporarily to help you spot it on a busy or large desktop. If you find it annoying, perhaps because you fidget with your mouse or trackpad, the behaviour can be disabled by turning off ‘Shake mouse pointer to locate’ in System Preferences > Accessibility > Display.

Set Up contextual Reminders with Siri in iOS 9
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
Setting reminders for yourself on your iPhone has never been easier. With iOS 9, Siri has received a major intelligence boost and is capable of understanding terms such as “it” or “this,” which means you can now ask Siri to set a contextual reminder based on what you are looking at on your iPhone screen.

For example, If a friend invites you to dinner via text message and you want to make sure you don’t forget to reply when you get home from work, while viewing the message, ask Siri to “create a reminder for this.”

Text Insertion on iPad in iOS 9 Just Got Easier
Hold two fingers on the on-screen keyboard and the keys become greyed out. A blue vertical bar appears at the insertion point’s current location, and you can move it like you would with a mouse or trackpad on a computer by sliding both fingers around the screen; the insertion point will follow. Lift your fingers to finish.

Hide the Menu Bar in El Capitan
In El Capitan, you can hide and unhide the menu bar, just like you can with the Dock. Go to System Preferences>General and tick ‘Automatically hide and show the menu bar’. Now, hover over it to see it.

Perform Calculations in iOS 9 Search Bar
You needn’t dig around for the iPhone’s Calculator app to perform basic arithmetic because you can run numbers in Spotlight Search, just like in OS X. An added bonus is that it works on iPad too, even though that device lacks the Calculator app. Type a calculation into the search bar, using * for multiply and / for divide. Try using common functions too – for example, sqrt(144).

How to enable the three-finger drag gesture in OS X El Capitan
One of the first things that I do on a new OS X install is adjust the trackpad and mouse settings to my liking. I absolutely love using things like tap to click and the three finger drag gesture.

Imagine my horror when I could no longer find the three finger drag gesture as an option in System Preferences. It’s simply no longer in the place where it usually is: System Preferences > Trackpad. Well as it turns out, things aren’t so grim as they at first seemed.

Apple moved the three finger drag gesture option to another location, although the move doesn’t make a lot of sense if you ask me. In this post, I’ll show you how to enable the three finger drag gesture on OS X El Capitan.

How to enable the three finger drag on OS X 10.11
Step 1: Open System Preferences
Step 2: Click Accessibility
Step 3: Click Mouse & Trackpad
Step 4: Click Trackpad Options…
Step 5: Click Enable dragging
Step 6: Select “three finger drag” in the drop down box

Not only does the three finger drag gesture allow you to move around windows and other desktop items, it also allows you to select text. It’s an absolutely instrumental gesture for trackpad users and I honestly have no idea why Apple would have buried the option so deep in its settings.

Mary’s X Files, October 2015

Compare with the Original in Photos on Mac
When you’re making complex edits, it’s always good to refer back to the original file. Hold down M on your keyboard to move back and forward between versions.

Don’t be Afraid to Experiment when Editing in Photos on Mac
Editing in Photos on the Mac is non-destructive, which means you can undo anything you don’t like the look of. The Revert to Original and Reset Adjustments options are always there to fall back on.

Share your Mac Screen Easily
Got a family member struggling to grasp some technical issues on their Mac? Well, you can use Messages to quickly initiate Screen Sharing mode with anyone using OS X 10.10 and above. Once activated, you can use your mouse to control their Mac’s screen and highlight the necessary areas. Messages also automatically loads up audio chat to help the proceedings, too.

Easily Start Screen Sharing in OS X Using Messages
- Open the Messages app in OS X if you haven’t done so yet
- From any conversation window in messages, click on the “Details” button in the upper right corner
- Click on the two overlapping boxes to see the screen sharing options – if it’s dark blue, you can start a screen sharing session, if it’s light blue, the option will not be clickable because the user does not have a proper version of Messages setup on their Mac
- Choose “Invite to share my screen” to share your own Mac screen with the message recipient, or “Ask to share screen” to request access to the other users display through screen sharing

When the screen sharing session begins, their desktop will open in a new window over your current desktop, it will resize to fit if your screen or their resolution are different:

Additionally, a screen sharing icon will appear in the Mac menu bar indicating a session is open.

If you’re sharing your own desktop this way, no additional window will open, but the menu baricon will demonstrate that screen sharing is active.

You can terminate the screen sharing session at any time through the menu bar item, by closing the screen sharing window, or by closing the active Messages window.

As already mentioned, screen sharing is possible in all versions of Mac OS X that are even somewhat modern, it’s just this specific means of initiating a screen share through the Messages app that is new and limited to Macs with OS X 10.10 and newer.

Recalibrate Your Watch
If you’re using your Apple Watch as a fitness companion, you’ll want accurate readings. In Location Services>System Services on your iPhone, check the Motion Calibration option.

Jump into Editing in Photos on Mac
To access the editing view, normally you click the Edit button when viewing an image, but there’s a better way: simply press the Return key. This shortcut also works in the Moments view when a photo is selected.

Keep Siri from Mixing Up Events and Reminders
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
It can be really handy to use Siri to create events and reminders — so much faster than opening the app and doing it manually. However, you need to be careful how you word your request, because Siri will sometimes mix things up: creating an event when you wanted a reminder, and vice versa.

To ensure that you get a Calendar event, begin your request by using the verb “schedule,” such as “Schedule my haircut for Monday at 11 a.m.” Siri will reply, “OK, I set up your event for Monday. Shall I schedule it?” And then you’re presented with your Calendar appointment and have the opportunity to confirm or cancel.

To ensure that you get a Reminder, begin your request by using the verb “remind,” such as “Remind me at 10:30 on Monday to go to my haricut.” Siri will reply, “OK, I’ll remind you” and will show you your reminder.

Note that the Calendar app does allow you to set an alert prior to an event, but you can’t create Calendar alerts with Siri.

Mary’s X Files, September 2015

Diagnose Problems with Activity Monitor
Activity Monitor may look complicated at first glance, but it’s a utility app that is worth getting to know. The app shows the processes, often hidden in the background, that are running on your Mac, so you can see how they affect your Mac’s performance. Activity Monitor should therefore always be your first port of call when your Mac isn’t behaving the way it should. Open Activity Monitor and you’ll be able to see apps that are using the most CPU, memory or battery.

Make Recurring Events in Calendar
Instead of having to manually enter a new entry into your calendar for repeated events, let the app do the work for you. Create an entry, select the Repeat option and choose how often you want it to repeat.

Save an Attachment in Messages
When you receive an attachment that you’d like to save to your device, you’ll first need to long-press on it. A new Save option will now appear for you to finish the process.

How to Use iPad-Only Gestures
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
We’re all familiar with the one-finger swipe and the two-finger pinch, but if you have an iPad, you may want to consider using all five fingers. Since iOS 5, Apple has added new gestures that make multitasking and navigating between apps more seamless than ever before. These gestures make it easy to see which apps are active, swipe between them, and quickly return to the Home screen.

First, make sure the function Multitasking Gestures is enabled. Go to Settings.

Select General and find Multitasking Gestures; turn on.

Five-finger Pinch: As though to gather a sheet with an open hand, place all five fingers on the iPad screen and ‘”grab” away. Doing this at any point will immediately take you to the Home screen.

Four-finger Swipe Up: If you haven’t already discovered your multitasking bar (also accessible by two clicks of the home button), I highly recommend you do. Holding four fingers to the screen, swipe up to display the multitasking bar. From here you can swipe left and right to view currently active or recent applications (pro-tip: from the multitask bar, quickly swipe up to close an app.) Swipe four fingers down to hide the bar.

Four-finger swipe left/right: My favorite addition is the four-finger swipe left/right. This allows you to slide between active applications without opening the multitasking bar. Place four fingers on the screen and “turn the page.” I love this because it allows me to shuffle between email, writing documents, open browsers, and more.

Remove “Sent from my iPhone” from Your Email Signature
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
The default signature in iOS Mail is “Sent from my iPad” or “Sent from my iPhone.” But while some people may be happy to declare what device they are using at the bottom of every email they send, others prefer to provide other information, such as the name of the sender and additional contact information.

To edit your iPhone’s default email signature, go to Settings > Mail, Contacts, Calendars > Signature. Tapping on All Accounts will allow you to set one signature for all your email accounts. Tapping on Per Accounts will allow you to set different signatures for each individual account—which is handy if you use your iDevice for work and personal emails.

Tap on the default signature to edit it, and then delete the default text and type in the information you want to appear at the bottom of your emails instead.

Extend Edit Ranges in Photos for Mac
A funny thing happened one day when I accidentally pressed the Option key while editing a photo: The tick marks on several of the adjustment controls moved.

Many of the controls use a scale that ranges from –1.00 to +1.00, with the image’s original value sitting in the middle at zero. The Exposure control, for example, darkens the image significantly at –1.00, but doesn’t turn it black. When you hold Option, that range changes to between –2.00 and +2.00, letting you darken the photo even more (or go the other direction and brighten a dark photo).

This feature is also useful when you’re looking for more pop or an extreme treatment for a drab photo. With the Option key held, however, one can push that higher and get a more dramatic effect.


Mary’s X Files, August 2015

Show full URL in Safari
~ Mac Tips, Tricks & Hacks
By default, Safari’s address bar, or Smart Search bar to give it its full title, only shows the first part of a URL (web address). This is fine most of the time, but not great if you like to use the URL as a reference in order to identify exactly where you are on a site. To change this setting, go to Preferences in Safari and then click on Advanced. Now click the check box next to ‘Show full website address’. The address bar will now display the full URL of each webpage.

Share your screen in Messages
~ Mac Tips, Tricks & Hacks
There are occasions when allowing other people to see your screen, or being able to see the screen of the person you’re chatting to, is very useful. If you’re training someone, for example, or providing technical support, seeing the same screen helps a great deal. When you’re in the application “Messages” on your Mac, click on “Details” and then click the leftmost icon next to your contact’s name. Choose whose screen to share: yours or theirs. They’ll get a notification request. If they accept, you will both see the screen until you end either the conversation or the screen-sharing session.

Take Vertical Panoramic Photos
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
Panoramic photos are great for capturing an expanded view of a beautiful landscape. Typically, this is done by moving your iPhone from left to right or right to left as you take the photo in Pano mode. But what about when you want to capture a shot of something really tall, like a tree, for example, or even the Eiffel Tower? Well, you’ll be excited to hear that you can take vertically oriented panoramic photos with your iPhone too!

Taking a vertical panoramic photo is simple. Just hold your phone horizontally and tap on the yellow line to choose whether you will move your phone up or down as you take the picture.

With any luck, you’ll now be able to get your entire subject into your shot.

See the Exact Battery Power Percentage Your iPhone Has Left
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
Do you always measure ingredients exactly when following a recipe? Do you say things like, “According to my pedometer app, I’ve walked 3.8 miles today.”? Do you use decimals when filling out your weight on medical forms?

If you do, you’ll be happy to know you can also quantify exactly how much battery power your iPhone has left.

Simply go to Settings > General > Usage and toggle Battery Percentage on. The battery percentage will now appear to the left of your battery icon.

And just like that, the nagging discomfort of not knowing exactly how much battery power your iPhone has will be eliminated.

Now you can go around saying things like, “My iPhone’s battery charge is down to 22 percent; time to plug it in.”

Customise your System Preferences
~Mac Tips, Tricks & Hacks
System Preferences is home to all of the inner workings of your Mac, but if you don’t use all of the panes on offer, why display them? By clicking on the View menu, you can choose the Customize option, which will place tick boxes next to all of the panes, so simply deselect the ones you don’t need. From the same menu, you can also choose to view your System Preferences panes alphabetically.

Access your System Preferences options quickly
~Mac Tips, Tricks & Hacks
If you know the pane you need, then this trick will save you time It takes a few seconds to launch System Preferences, plus a couple more to locate the pane you need, but you can save time simply by right-clicking on the System Preferences icon in your Dock. Doing so will make a pop-up menu appear, displaying all of your preferences as a list – so simply select the one you want and it will launch System Preferences and simultaneously open the pane that you need.