Mary’s X Files, October 2016

Set a Default View in Finder on a Mac
Finder can present the contents of your Mac’s storage in four ways – Icon, List, Column and Cover Flow views. Switch between them using command+1 through to command+4. Each view offers a degree of customization: press command+J to change how the current view displays the folder you’re in, now and in future. To apply your choices to all folders, press Use as Defaults at the bottom of that window.

Combo Curative
If you’re left with strange issues after an OS X update that can’t be fixed by other means, such as changing preferences, download that version’s Combo updater from Apple’s support site and install it over your current installation: you may find your problems suddenly vanish. This can also restore normal function to a Mac App Store app that refuses to offer updates. It’s not a universal cure, but worth trying when other ideas fail.

How to Back Up Your iPhone to iTunes on Your Computer
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
There are two ways to back up your iPhone. You can back up your iPhone to iCloud or back up your iPhone to iTunes. I like to have copies of both. An iCloud backup is kept in the cloud, while an iTunes backup is kept on your computer. You don’t need an internet connection to back up your iPhone to iTunes. Apple recommends having both an iCloud and a local backup. Here’s how to back up your iPhone to iTunes on your computer.

To back up your iPhone or iPad to iTunes on your computer, you first need to have the iTunes software installed. It comes installed on Mac computers, and Windows users can download iTunes here.

To back up your device to iTunes:
- Connect your iPhone to your computer using the USB charging cord. iTunes will launch automatically; if it doesn’t, open iTunes.
- In iTunes, locate the icon for your iPhone or iPad, found in the upper left section of iTunes. Click the icon.

How to Easily Unsubscribe from Email Lists in iOS 10
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
iOS 10 introduced a lot of smaller tweaks and features that make a big difference. One of my favorites is the one-step email list unsubscribe. This is especially useful if you signed up for something only to receive loads of spam emails with no obvious unsubscribe button at the bottom. This happened to me recently when signing up for a contest. I realized after the fact that I had also signed up to receive loads of emails from

all different kinds of websites promoting something. Inbox overwhelm set in. But then I saw that beautiful unsubscribe box at the top of the page. Thank you, iOS 10. Here’s how to easily unsubscribe from email lists in Mail with iOS 10 or later.

This solution for unsubscribing to email lists could not be any easier. Here’s how to do it: – Open the Mail app on iPhone or iPad.
- Open the email from the website or company you no longer want to receive emails from.
- At the top of the email, you’ll see blue text that says unsubscribe. Tap unsubscribe.
- Confirm Unsubscribe, and you’re free!

Fast Navigation in System Preferences on Mac
While in a preferences pane, you don’t need to return to the full list to access another. Click and hold the toolbar’s grid button for a list of all panes, or go to the View menu (any item in which can be given a shortcut in Keyboard preferences), or press ccommand+F and type in the search field. When you’re at the top level of the app, the last method highlights relevant panes as you type.

Spring Open a Folder in Finder on a Mac
When you drag items over a folder (or another tab or window in Finder), it springs open. If the delay in doing so is too long, press the Spacebar to instantly open the folder. The delay is adjustable in System Preferences > Accessibility > Mouse & Trackpad.

Mary’s X Files, September 2016

Saving power with Face-down detection for iPhone
~iLounge Tips
If you get a lot of notifications during the day, you can actually save a bit of battery life by leaving your iPhone face down on a table or other surface. Face-down detection is a subtle feature that Apple snuck into iOS 9 last fall to save a bit of power on modern iPhones by not lighting up the screen whenever text message notifications come in — after all, the screen is one of the biggest power consumers on the iPhone, and since you can’t see the screen anyway when the iPhone is face down, what’s the point in turning it on?

To enable the feature, simply place your iPhone face down on a table when you’re not using it — notifications will still sound or vibrate, according to your settings, but the screen will remain dark unless you pick up the iPhone within a few seconds of receiving the notification. Since the feature uses the M7/M8/M9 motion coprocessors, you’ll need an iPhone 5s or later to take advantage of it, and you’ll need to make sure you haven’t disabled Fitness Tracking under Privacy, Motion & Fitness in the iOS Settings app.

Shake to undo on iPhone
This one can be a little awkward at times but it can be a bit of a life saver. If you’ve just typed a long sentence and accidentally deleted it, or made some other catastrophic error, you can give your iPhone a shake to bring up the undo/redo dialogue box. Just make sure you’re holding on to your iPhone tightly before you shake it!

Since implementing this feature Apple has added an undo button to the system keyboard, thankfully, but this only appears when the iPhone is in landscape mode. If you can’t be bothered to type like that, get shaking.

Mute Noisy Conversations in Messages on Mac
If a conversation in Messages distracts you with a swarm of notifications at the corner of the desktop, rather than turning on the Do Not Disturb feature of Notification Centre, which mutes all notifications, open the conversation, click Details at its top-right corner, and put a check mark next to Do Not Disturb here to mute only this conversation.

Startup Key Combinations for El Capitan
The most commonly useful startup key combos are: “Shift Key” to enter Safe Mode; “Option Key” to select an alternative startup disk; “D” to start a hardware diagnostics test, if available, or hold “Option Key” as well to start it over the internet; “Command Key”+r to enter OS X Recovery, or hold “Option Key” too for the online version; “Command+Option+p+r” to reset NVRAM (see mf-nvram); “Command+s” or “Command+v” for single-user or verbose mode (; and “t” for target disk mode.

“Gatekeeper” Security on Mac in System Preferences
This feature restricts what apps can run according to their source, to reduce the likelihood of installing malware. It offers three options in the Security & Privacy pane, under General: “Anywhere” gives total freedom, essentially turning off Gatekeeper; “Mac App Store only” lets apps from there run; and the middle item also allows apps from other places that are signed by identified developers.

Silent Updates on Mac
Yosemite and El Capitan now undergo silent updates to security files, which may have odd effects. An update to the XProtect security blacklist, say, might disable an old version of Flash or Java. Updates which affect SIP can disable hardware such as network ports when your Mac is next started up. If you think a silent update has altered your Mac, check /Library/Receipts/InstallHistory. plist to see what has occurred.

Speedy Access to System Preferences on Mac
Rather than clicking a pane’s icon in System Preferences, try opening the pane using Spotlight. Type the first few characters of a pane’s name and it’ll likely be the top result. Alternatively, if you keep System Preferences in the Dock, you can control+click its icon there and then select the pane you want it to show immediately upon opening from an alphabetically ordered list.

Mary’s X Files, August 2016

How to access drafts in the Mail app for iPhone and iPad
- Launch the Mail app from the Home screen of your iPhone or iPad.

- Tap and hold the Compose button in the lower right corner. This will bring up the drafted emails. – Tap on the email draft you’d like to edit.

You can fire away the email as soon as you’re done. That’s all there is to it.

Time a Reminder in El Capitan
Place the pointer over a to-do you’ve created in Reminders and click the ‘i’ that appears to the right. In the box that pops up, put a check mark next to ‘On a Day’, then click the date for a mini-calendar. Simply choose the date to be alerted about the item, or choose ‘At a Location’ and then type an address or place name to be reminded when you’re there – or set both!

Sign Documents in Mail in El Capitan
First, you must have an image displayed in a new mail window. Next, when you roll your cursor over the image, a small downward pointing arrow will appear. Click on that arrow and then click on “Markup”. Click the Sign button in the Markup toolbar and you’ll be asked if you want to write your signature by hand, using your trackpad. The tool can also use your Mac’s camera to take a photo of your signature on paper.

How to Add Emoticons to Text Messages in iOS
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
Emoticons are the little icons created from punctuation and symbol keys and are inserted into text to indicate your mood or intention. Most desktop computer programs automatically convert symbols to graphical emoticons. For example, if you type in :-) most programs will automatically convert it to a smily face. iPhone keyboards automatically have a stock of emoticons, but you can also download free emoji apps from the App Store.

First, make sure your Emoji keyboard is enabled. Open Settings. Tap General. Select Keyboard. Tap Keyboards.
If Emoji isn’t already on the list, tap it.

To add emoticons to your text messages, open Messages. Either start a new message or open a current one. Tap the text field. Tap on the globe icon on the lower left of the screen. Tap on the different menus along the bottom of the screen for lots of emoticon choices. Tap on the emoticon of your choice to insert it into the text field. Tap Send.

Use Mail Drop to Send Large Files in El Capitan
Mail Drop lets you send large attachments between 20MB and 5GB in size, even if the recipient’s server would normally reject them. In Mail’s preferences, click Accounts, select an account, click Advanced to the right, and turn on ‘Send large attachments with Mail Drop’. Recipients not using Mail will see the attachment as a download link.

Test Time Machine Backup
Never just assume that Time Machine backups are working okay. Every few weeks, enter Time Machine, browse through your backups and restore an old document and folder to check. Ensure you don’t overwrite any current work in the process.

How to Unfollow Facebook Friends
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
In the world of Facebook, unfriending someone is a big deal. And if you actually know the person, they’ll likely figure out you’ve unfriended them at some point and want to know why. Perhaps it’s not that serious and you would like to stay friends, but you don’t want to see what they post. Luckily, Facebook has the option to unfollow someone while remaining friends. Here’s how to do it.

There are two different ways to unfollow someone. Open the Facebook app. Locate a post by the person you want to unfollow. Tap the arrow next to their name.

Select Unfollow [Name]. You’ll immediately stop seeing posts by that person but continue to be friends. You can also unfollow someone by visiting their profile.

Search for the person you want to unfollow and visit their profile. Locate the Following icon. Tap it. Here you can choose Default, See First, or Unfollow. Select Unfollow.

Mary’s X Files, July 2016

Return to Owner
Even if you have no need for any other iCloud services, it’s worth setting up an account just to use “Find My Mac”, which lets you track your Mac when it’s online using Wi-Fi, and play a sound, lock or erase the Mac when online over Wi-Fi or Ethernet. Also consider putting your contact details on the login window in System Preferences > Security & Privacy > General > Set Lock Message.

Eject a Stuck Disc on a Mac
If your Mac has an optical drive and you can’t get Finder to eject a disc from it, there are a couple of workarounds. With a USB-connected optical drive, disconnect and then reconnect it, which should reset the connection and allow Finder to eject the disc. Otherwise, restart your Mac and hold the “eject” key, the “F12” key or the mouse or trackpad button when you hear the startup sound to eject the disc.

How to See When a Text Was Sent
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
Timestamps used to appear at the top of each text message on your iPhone. However, the old timestamps haven’t disappeared; they’re just hidden now. This is nice since you don’t always need to read the timestamp; and for those occasions when you do need to know when a message was received, here’s how to uncover the hidden timestamps behind each message.

To do this, you’ll have the Messages app open to a particular message. To see the timestamp, simply tap and hold any text message, then drag it to the left from the edge of the screen. Like a shy kitten, the timestamp will slowly peek in from the side.

When you let go, the timestamp will retreat into its hiding spot once again. That’s all there is to it!

Work smarter in Finder on the Mac
Check a folder’s location Turning on the path bar (View > Show Path Bar) shows the current folder’s location across the bottom of its window. Double-click a folder in the bar to jump to it, command-click to open it in a new window, or drag and drop items onto one to move them there.

Show Full address in Safari on Mac
Presumably in an attempt to be minimal and tidy, Safari no longer by default displays a web page’s full address in the Smart Search Field. Click around, say, and the field’s contents will stay unchanged throughout your visit. If that’s unnerving or annoying, tick ‘Show full website address’ in Safari’s Advanced preferences. The field then shows addresses in full. (Even with this setting off, the full address is shown when you click in the field.)

How to Merge Duplicate Contacts
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
It’s inevitable that you will occasionally find yourself with duplicate entries for the same contact. Fortunately, merging the information into a single entry is relatively simple. Here’s how to merge duplicate contacts.

Open your Phone app and tap “Contacts” at the bottom of the screen. Locate the duplicate contact and tap “Edit” in the upper right corner. Scroll down to the very bottom and select “Link Contacts”.
Your contacts will pop up; locate the duplicate you want to merge into a single contact and open it. Tap “Link” in the upper right corner.
If you have more duplicate entries, select “Link Contacts” and repeat.

Tap “Done” once you have linked all duplicate contacts.

To unlink contacts, simply tap the red minus sign next to the contact you wish to unlink.

Manage downloads in Safari on Mac
In Safari’s General preferences, you can choose where file downloads are sent. If you don’t want them to go to your Downloads folder, select “Other” in the pop-up menu. Should you want Safari to ask where to save each one, you can specify that. There’s also a checkbox regarding opening safe files. Clear it if you don’t want your Mac to open docs, distracting you from what you’re doing.

Mary’s X Files, June 2016

How to remove recent contacts in the Mail app for iPhone & iPad
When sending an email, the Mail app uses autofill to suggest a contact based on the name you enter. Sometimes, outdated email addresses show up in the suggestion list, even though you’ve updated the person’s information in your Contacts app. There is a way to remove email addresses from these autofill suggestions so you don’t accidentally send something to an unused mail box. Here’s how.

If you have removed an email address from your Contacts app, but it still appears when you are sending a message, get it off the list before you accidentally use it.

- Open the Mail app.
- Tap the Write mail icon in the bottom right corner of the screen.
- Start typing a name.
- Find the old contact when the list of suggested emails appear.
- Tap the info icon next to the name.
- Tap Remove from Recents.
The contact will no longer appear as a suggested email in autofill in the Mail app.

How to Recover Deleted Photos on iOS
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
If you like to use the camera on your iPhone or iPad, one of the features you’ll appreciate is the ability to recover deleted photos. When you delete a photo, it remains available in the Recently Deleted album on your device for 30 days. If you decide that in fact you want to save a photo you deleted, you can easily recover it. Here’s how to recover deleted photos.

- Navigate to the Albums view in the Photos app. In addition to any albums you’ve added, you’ll see the default album, Recently Deleted.

- Tap on the Recently Deleted album to view the photos you’ve deleted.

- Tap Select to choose the photos you want to recover.

Reset User Password on Mac
If you can’t get past the login window because you’ve forgotten your account password, you can reset it by starting up in OS X Recovery by holding command+r when you hear the startup sound. Choose Utilities > Terminal, then enter resetpassword, select the account to reset and provide a new password. (Note that this won’t change FileVault’s password If you’ve encrypted your disk.)

Mission Control Closer Look
In El Capitan, Apple has switched Mission Control’s presentation to spread out all of your windows instead of stacking them up. If you have many windows open in the same workspace, their previews in Mission Control can get pretty small. To take a closer look at one, put the pointer over it and then press the Spacebar to pull it forward of the others.

Switch Audio Devices on a Mac
Your Mac remembers volume levels for speakers and headphones individually, and makes adjustments as you connect or disconnect them. However, you may not want to unplug your headphones just to demo something to another person. Rather than opening the Sound preferences pane, hold down the option key and click the volume icon in the menu bar to switch to a different input or output device. If that icon isn’t present, turn on ‘Show volume in menu bar’ at the bottom of the Sound preferences’ pane.

Keyboard Shortcuts on the Mac
If a menu item you use often doesn’t list a keyboard shortcut, you can assign it one in System Preferences > Keyboard > Shortcuts > App Shortcuts. Click the + button, select the app in which the item appears, then enter the item’s name exactly as it appears, right down to capitalisation and any ellipsis at its end. Click in the bottom box, then press the key combo you want to trigger the item.

A Hidden Gesture on the Mac
If your Mac has a trackpad, there’s an extra gesture for it tucked away in the Accessibility preferences pane, under Mouse & Trackpad > Trackpad Options. Put a check mark next to ‘Enable dragging’ and select three-finger drag from the adjacent pop-up menu. This

gesture may feel more comfortable for you than clicking and dragging things due to its relative lack of friction.

Mary’s X Files, May 2016

Why does Apple’s App Store use ‘Get’ for free apps?
Paul A. writes in with an App Store question: “I am a little confused by the terms used by the App Store when deciding to download and buy an app. What is the difference between “open” and “get”?”

Apple used to tag apps that cost nothing to download as “Free”, while it displayed the price for all others. However, it changed this label from “Free” to “Get” in November 2014, possibly as a result of settlements in 2013 and 2014 related to in-app purchases. Free-to-download apps can have in-app purchases, which muddied the water, although Apple puts a plus sign inside the Get button’s border if the app has such purchases. “Get” isn’t the best term—Paul isn’t the only one who scratched his head about it—but it’s more accurate than “free.”

Tap “Get” and the label changes to “Install”; tap that, and the app is marked in your account as something you purchased, despite not paying a cent to download it. Tap the price on a paid app, and it changes to “Buy”; tap that, and the transaction completes (often with the added necessity of entering your account password) and it’s also now in your account as a purchase.

You’ll see a cloud icon with a downward-pointing arrow if you’ve purchased or downloaded the app already and it’s not installed on the device you’re using; if it’s installed, the label reads “Open”, and tapping it simply opens the app on your device.

How to share your location and directions in Maps for iPhone and iPad
- Launch the Maps app from your Home screen.
- Tap the arrow in the bottom left corner of your screen. This will take you to your location on the map, marked by a pulsating blue dot. – Tap the Share button on the top right of the screen. It’s a box with an upward arrow.
- Tap the method you’d like to use to share your location.
- Share as you would normally in your chosen method.

You can easily share your location via group chat or into a Facebook event if you fancy.

How to Quickly Scroll to the Top of Your iPhone Screen While Sparing Your Thumb
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
Maybe you have thousands of songs stored on your phone or hundreds of emails in your inbox, maybe you just read a really long article online, or maybe you’re really important and popular and you have an endless list of contacts. Your thumb can sure get a workout scrolling back to the top of those lists. But did you know there’s an easy way to quickly scroll back the top of any page? There is! Here’s how to scroll to the top quickly while sparing your thumb.

The solution couldn’t be easier. To end the infinite thumbing your way to the top of the page, all you need to is tap the clock at the top, and you’ll be instantly taken back to the beginning of the list. This works on nearly any page where you’ve scrolled down whether it be email, a page in Safari, music, etc.

How to Redial a Phone Number on your iPhone
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
When you need to redial a number or call the person you previously talked to, there’s a really fast shortcut you can make from the Phone app. Instead of going to your Recents or searching through your contacts, if you’re calling the previous person you spoke to, you can do it with two quick taps.

To do this, open the Phone app. Tap on Keypad at the bottom of the menu. Tap the green call button and the previous number with contact name will fill-in at the top. Tap the green call button again to make the call.

Reset Spotlight after Repositioning in El Capitan
After doing a Spotlight search, reposition the window to the size and location you desire. After you have repositioned it, the box will appear in the same place the next time you press çommand+[Spacebar]. To reset the window’s size and position to its default settings, click and hold on Spotlight’s icon in the menu bar.

Edit a Photo in Preview in OSX
Double-clicking on the photo will automatically load it in the Preview app on a Mac by default. Select “View>Show Markup Toolbar” and you’re given a range of options, from rotating to complex saturation edits.

Import with Image Capture on Mac
You don’t need to load up the Photos app every time you want to do some image editing on your Mac. Connect whatever device your images are on and open the Image Capture app. Drag a picture to your desktop and choose whatever image editing application you desire to edit the image.

Mary’s X Files, April 2016

Use Emoji Shortcuts Instead of Switching Keyboards in iOS
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
Previously, we covered creating keyboard shortcuts to help you quickly type commonly used phrases. Did you know you can also create shortcuts for emoji characters (those cute emoticons that go way beyond your average smiley face)? This is handy if you use a lot of emoji characters and don’t want to switch back and forth between keyboards all the time.

Before you can do this, you’ll have to enable the emoji keyboard if you haven’t already: Go to Settings > General > Keyboards > Add New Keyboard > Emoji.

After you’ve enabled the emoji keyboard, go back to Keyboard and tap Shortcuts. Tap on the + in the upper right corner to create a new shortcut.

Next, tap on the smiley face or globe icon in the lower left between the number and mic icons.

This will take you to the emoji keyboard. In the Phrase field enter the emoji you are creating a shortcut for. Tap the ABC icon to switch back to the English keyboard and then enter a word in the Shortcut field and tap Save in the upper right corner.

Now every time you type this word the emoji character will automatically be substituted.

Shortcuts when Editing in Photos on Mac
Shortcuts in Photos also go directly to specific tools, even if you’re not yet in the editing view. Press C to open the Crop tool, F for filters, A for the Adjust tool, R for the Retouch tool, and E for the Red-eye tool. While you’re editing, press the arrow keys to switch to the previous or next photo without leaving the editing view.

To compare your edits to the original version of the photo, press the M key for a quick before-and- after.

How to Turn Off Government Alerts in iOS
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
There have been a couple of times now that I’ve been startled out of a deep sleep by my iPhone emitting a high pitched screeching sound. The sound was to make me aware of an AMBER (child abduction) Alert.

I think AMBER Alerts are a great thing and help save lives, but what annoyed me was that the alert

was from a city almost 300 miles away from me. Was it really relevant to me?

Most of the time the alerts are pinged off of cell towers and are specific to the area. I’m not sure why I received this particular alert, but it made me consider turning it off.

This is quite easy to do. Just go to Settings > Notifications > then scroll all the way down to the bottom and toggle AMBER Alerts Off. If you don’t see any Government Alerts options, this means your carrier does not offer this service and this tip does not apply to you.

Speed up startup times on Mac
If you are the only user of the Mac you can skip the login screen and go straight to the desktop.

To do this, simply go to your machine’s System Preferences>Users & Groups and then click “Login Options”. Click the padlock in the bottom-left corner and enter your password. Select your name next to Automatic Login.

A word of warning – this removes password security and should not be used on a Mac that other people, however infrequently, can access. It is super fast, but anyone can turn on your Mac and see your files, so use with caution.

Boost Wi-Fi network speeds on Mac
Wireless routers broadcast on what are called channels, and if two, such as you and a neighbour, use the same

channel, then performance suffers. Use Spotlight to find and run Wireless Diagnostics. Click Scan on the Windows menu and all networks and channels are listed. If yours clashes with a neighbour’s, enter your router’s IP address into Safari (eg and you can select another channel in the settings.

Shut down option on Mac
When you shut down, there is an option to Reopen windows when logging back in. Clear the tick box to prevent OS X wasting time opening the apps and windows you used last

Mary’s X Files, March 2016

Import from Camera to OSX App, Preview
**Import from Cameras** — Here’s something you probably didn’t know:

Preview can import images directly from cameras and scanners. Better yet, in Preview’s eyes, your iPhone or iPad counts as a camera.

To import pictures from a camera, connect it to your Mac via a USB cable, open Preview, and choose Import from _CameraName_ (for instance, Import from iPhone).

A window appears displaying thumbnails of the photos on that camera, largely mirroring the look and features of Apple’s Image Capture utility (which lives in the Utilities folder inside your Applications folder). By default, Preview displays the photos in a list, with EXIF information like the date and time the picture was taken, file size, resolution, GPS coordinates, aperture size, whether the flash was fired, and more. Even if you don’t want to use Preview to import your photos, it’s a handy way to view all that data.

Neat Trick via OSX App, Preview
Here’s another neat trick: if you select a file in the Finder, choose Edit > Copy (or press Command-C), and then invoke Preview’s “New from Clipboard” command. It creates a new document containing all sizes and resolutions of that file’s icon. It’s a great way to snag

an application or document icon!

Archive your Contacts

  1. Load up Contact — Open your Contacts app on your Mac by clicking its icon in the Dock or heading to your Applications folder and searching for it.
  2. Export menu — Now go up to File in the menubar and scroll down to the Export menu. From the options that slide out right, select Contact Achieve to continue.
  3. Safe place — All that’s left to do is save your Contacts archive to a safe destination. Hit “Save” when ready. your contact information is now safely backed up.

Share Huge files over Email
Fed up of using WeTransfer or Dropbox to transfer large file sizes over email? We were too, until we started using iCloud’s brilliant Mail Drop feature. As long as you have the ‘Send large attachments with Mail Drop’ setting ticked in the Advanced section of Mail>Preferences>Accounts, you can send files up to 5GB in size over email. The recipient will be sent a link to access the contents, which stays active for 30 days.

Using iCloud Drive
If you’re reading this and you haven’t set up iCloud yet, don’t worry — you’re not alone. Plenty of Apple users have resisted ‘the cloud’ for many reasons. We firmly believe that the positives far outweigh the negatives. Thankfully, Apple makes setting up an iCloud account simple. All you need is an Apple ID and the following instructions…

- Set up on Mac — Go to system Preferences and select iCloud. Activating iCloud is now as simple as entering your Apple ID and enabling which features you want synced.
- Set up on iOS — On your iOS device, head to your Settings menu and tap iCloud. Type in your apple ID credentials, tap Sign In and choose what you want to sync to iCloud.

How to Answer a Call with a Text Message
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
Sometimes, you just don’t have time to answer the phone. Especially if you’re driving, it’s often safer to send an iPhone automated message to let the person know you’ll call them back later. This function is accessible right from the call screen with different messages prepared for quick sending. Here’s how to answer a call with a text message if you happen to be busy.

When your phone is ringing, tap Message over Slide to Answer.

You will get a menu of responses and a Custom option. Tap “Can I call you later?”, “Sorry, I can’t talk right now.” or “I’m on my way.” Your phone will automatically send a text for you.

If you tap the Custom option, a text conversation with that person will appear. Type whatever you like! (But please don’t choose this option if you’re driving!). Tap Send, and you’re done.

Mary’s X Files, February 2016

Get Easy Access to Favorites in Photos
Staying organised in Photos is very important. One simple tip is to add images to your Favorites Album by tapping the heart symbol or hitting the full stop key.

Send and Receive Messages on Your Mac
You can send text messages to friends in OS X no matter what device they use, meaning you can leave your phone in your pocket at all times. The OS X app, Messages, also let you record voice messages.

How to Send International Text Messages
If you travel or do business internationally, you know how costly roaming charges are. Unless your mobile carrier is Sprint or T-mobile (both limited to 2 G data speed), you need an additional service plan to be able to text while abroad. Luckily, with iMessage, you can text from anywhere in the world for free, as long as you have a Wi-Fi connection.

The drawback of iMessage is that the person you’re texting must also have an iPhone. If that’s a deal breaker, I highly recommend using a messaging app like WhatsApp (free for your first year and only a dollar per year thereafter).

To text internationally via iMessage, first turn off your Cellular Data. Next, check that your iMessage app is enabled.

Return to Settings; tap Wi-Fi. Check that Wi-Fi is on and connected, and you’re ready to use iMessage from anywhere in the world.

Request a Desktop Site in Mobile Safari
When you’re on an iDevice (iPhone, iPad or iPod) in Safari, most sites will open up the mobile version by default, but there’s a clever workaround if you’d prefer the full site instead. Open the site and press on the URL bar before dragging downwards on your screen. A small menu will now appear with the “Request Desktop Site” option provided. The full website will load, ready for you to use.

How to Receive AirDrop Files on your iPhone
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
With AirDrop, you can wirelessly send and receive photos, videos, websites, locations, and more with nearby devices running on iOS 7 or later. You can also share with Macs running on Yosemite or later if your iPhone runs on iOS 8 or later. For AirDrop to work, both Wi-Fi and Bluetooth must be turned on and you must be signed into your iCloud account.

To receive a file over AirDrop, swipe up from the bottom of the screen. Select AirDrop. You can receive AirDrops from Everyone, Contacts Only, or turn if Off. I chose Everyone.

Show hidden URLs in Safari
~MacOSX El Capitan Genius Guide
Since upgrading to El Capitan, web browsing in Safari is terrible! Now I can’t see full URLs in the address bar!

- 1 Bring up Safari’s Preferences, either by heading to Safari>Preferences in the menu bar or by hitting Cmd+, (comma) on your Mac’s keyboard.

- 2 There’s a lot on offer inside Safari’s Preferences, but you’ll want to skip most of it and head to the Advanced tab at the far end.
- 3 To complete the process, click the checkbox next to ‘Show full website address’. You should see your change take place.

Split View of One App in El Capitan
Although Apple describes Split View as being a way to put two apps side by side with an appearance similar to full-screen mode, this new feature doesn’t restrict you to showing two different apps; you can put two windows from the same app side by side. This is useful with Finder when archiving contents from your Mac’s internal storage to another drive, to look at two revisions of a Pages document together, or to refer to a copy of a Numbers spreadsheet to look up and type cell references in the master.

How to Create a New Home Screen on your iPhone
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
As we accumulate more apps, we need more screen space to organize them all. You can create multiple Home Screens, allowing you to swipe through Home Screen pages and have access to as many apps as you want. At the bottom of your Home screen, above your stationary Dock apps, are dots indicating how many Home Screen pages you have. If you find you’re running out of space or want to step-up your organization game, here’s how to create a new Home Screen.

To create a new Home Screen, go to the last available Home Screen page you created. Tap and hold an app until it starts wobbling. Drag the app to the right edge of the last Home screen. This will create a new Home Screen.

Mary’s X Files, January 2016

How to Select Text in Trackpad Mode on your iPad in iOS 9
You can also use the virtual trackpad to select text. To select specific lengths of text:
- Launch the app you want to use and bring up the keyboard.
- Touch two fingers down on the keyboard to switch to the trackpad. – Tap two fingers once to select the word.
- Tap two fingers twice to select the sentence.
- Tap two fingers thrice to select the paragraph.

To select custom lengths of text:
- Touch two fingers down on the keyboard to switch to the trackpad. – Wait a moment for the cursor to switch to the text selector.
- Swipe your finger around to move the text selection point.

How to Assign Different Ringtones to Specific People on Your iPhone
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
It’s always fun to set a new ringtone, but what if you want different ringtones for specific people? Here’s how to set that up.

Open Contacts. Find the Contact you want to assign a ringtone to and tap Edit.

Scroll down and select Ringtone. Choose the song you want assign to that person. Tap Done.

How to delete items instantly or selectively from Trash
Reader Len writes:

I frequently use flash drives for backup and to transfer files from one computer to another. I often want to delete one or two files from a flash drive without emptying the trash. Is there any way to do this?

Starting in El Capitan, you’ve got an option for precisely this purpose. While I don’t use the Trash as a temporary repository—a kind of purgatory between an active file and the final bit bucket in the sky— but rather only for items I want to get rid of, many people I know stow stuff in Trash they think they might delete later.

Control-click an item or items in the Trash, and the Delete Immediately menu item appears.

Before El Capitan, you would have had to drag items out of the Trash to delete only those that remain. However, OS X 10.11 adds Delete Immediately. You can select any item or set of items in the Finder, hold down Option, and click the File menu to see Delete Immediately. (You can also press Command-Option-Delete for the same effect.)
This is also useful in the Trash, as you can select items in the Trash and Control-click to get Delete Immediately as a contextual menu item.

However you invoke it, Delete Immediately first prompts you to confirm the action and then erases the filesystem’s knowledge of the item or items selected right away, rather than pushing it through the Move to Trash and Empty Trash cycle. (As previously described, though, deleting files doesn’t securely erase them without extra effort.)

How to Change your Mac’s Default Web Browser and Email App
Back in the early days of OS X, Apple’s desktop operating system shipped with an Internet preference pane that let you change, among other things, your default Web browser and email app. At some point, Apple decided to put these settings in Safari and Mail, respectively, but with OS X Yosemite and later, the option to change your default Web browser returned to its rightful home in System Preferences.

If you’d like to change your Mac’s default browser, open System Preferences (look in the Apple menu if you don’t know where to find it), then click General. Next, find the pop-up menu labelled “Default web browser:” Click it, then choose whichever browser you’d like to use as your default.

The default browser picker. Not every app that appears here is a proper Web browser, however.

There are a couple other things you’ll want to be aware of. First, the Default web browser menu lists any app on your computer that can open Web pages, even if they aren’t necessarily a Web browser, per se. On my computer, for example, Evernote, Cyberduck (an FTP player), and Flip Player (which brings Windows Media compatibility to QuickTime) appear in the pop-up menu, but none of those are browsers.

If you want to change your default email app, you still need to go through Mail.

Second, if you want to change your email client, you still need to do so through Apple’s Mail app. Open Mail, then choose Preferences… from the Mail menu. Click General, then select a new email app from the Default email reader pop-up menu