Mary’s X Files, May 2016

Why does Apple’s App Store use ‘Get’ for free apps?
Paul A. writes in with an App Store question: “I am a little confused by the terms used by the App Store when deciding to download and buy an app. What is the difference between “open” and “get”?”

Apple used to tag apps that cost nothing to download as “Free”, while it displayed the price for all others. However, it changed this label from “Free” to “Get” in November 2014, possibly as a result of settlements in 2013 and 2014 related to in-app purchases. Free-to-download apps can have in-app purchases, which muddied the water, although Apple puts a plus sign inside the Get button’s border if the app has such purchases. “Get” isn’t the best term—Paul isn’t the only one who scratched his head about it—but it’s more accurate than “free.”

Tap “Get” and the label changes to “Install”; tap that, and the app is marked in your account as something you purchased, despite not paying a cent to download it. Tap the price on a paid app, and it changes to “Buy”; tap that, and the transaction completes (often with the added necessity of entering your account password) and it’s also now in your account as a purchase.

You’ll see a cloud icon with a downward-pointing arrow if you’ve purchased or downloaded the app already and it’s not installed on the device you’re using; if it’s installed, the label reads “Open”, and tapping it simply opens the app on your device.

How to share your location and directions in Maps for iPhone and iPad
- Launch the Maps app from your Home screen.
- Tap the arrow in the bottom left corner of your screen. This will take you to your location on the map, marked by a pulsating blue dot. – Tap the Share button on the top right of the screen. It’s a box with an upward arrow.
- Tap the method you’d like to use to share your location.
- Share as you would normally in your chosen method.

You can easily share your location via group chat or into a Facebook event if you fancy.

How to Quickly Scroll to the Top of Your iPhone Screen While Sparing Your Thumb
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
Maybe you have thousands of songs stored on your phone or hundreds of emails in your inbox, maybe you just read a really long article online, or maybe you’re really important and popular and you have an endless list of contacts. Your thumb can sure get a workout scrolling back to the top of those lists. But did you know there’s an easy way to quickly scroll back the top of any page? There is! Here’s how to scroll to the top quickly while sparing your thumb.

The solution couldn’t be easier. To end the infinite thumbing your way to the top of the page, all you need to is tap the clock at the top, and you’ll be instantly taken back to the beginning of the list. This works on nearly any page where you’ve scrolled down whether it be email, a page in Safari, music, etc.

How to Redial a Phone Number on your iPhone
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
When you need to redial a number or call the person you previously talked to, there’s a really fast shortcut you can make from the Phone app. Instead of going to your Recents or searching through your contacts, if you’re calling the previous person you spoke to, you can do it with two quick taps.

To do this, open the Phone app. Tap on Keypad at the bottom of the menu. Tap the green call button and the previous number with contact name will fill-in at the top. Tap the green call button again to make the call.

Reset Spotlight after Repositioning in El Capitan
After doing a Spotlight search, reposition the window to the size and location you desire. After you have repositioned it, the box will appear in the same place the next time you press çommand+[Spacebar]. To reset the window’s size and position to its default settings, click and hold on Spotlight’s icon in the menu bar.

Edit a Photo in Preview in OSX
Double-clicking on the photo will automatically load it in the Preview app on a Mac by default. Select “View>Show Markup Toolbar” and you’re given a range of options, from rotating to complex saturation edits.

Import with Image Capture on Mac
You don’t need to load up the Photos app every time you want to do some image editing on your Mac. Connect whatever device your images are on and open the Image Capture app. Drag a picture to your desktop and choose whatever image editing application you desire to edit the image.

Betty’s Bookmarks, May 2016
Time to review Time Machine – how it works, how to set it up, how to restore and more.
Here are step-by-step directions for pairing an Apple Bluetooth Keyboard with your Apple TV.
Okay – your iPhone is missing. Use your Apple Watch to locate your iPhone. You don’t have an Apple Watch??? Better get one quick – you need it!
Learn about the new iPhone SE. That phone may just suit your needs.
Get the most out of Apple’s Messages app. IMO it’s the quickest form of communication around. Give it a try – you won’t go back!
I enjoyed this article about the future of Apple Watch and health apps. I hope you will also.
Read about the Adobe Flash alert here. Follow all the links in the article to read more. Once you’re fully informed you won’t fall for FAKE Adobe Flash updates.
This is a great step-by-step guide for limiting those pesky ads on your iPhone and iPad.
Here’s some easy solutions to an annoying space problems on your iPhone.
This is worth looking at – a browser with an integrated VPN service. That’s good and saves $$$. Check out the security VPN adds to your browsing. Submitted by Mary Nesset (SMUG & MIAMUG

Mary’s X Files, April 2016

Use Emoji Shortcuts Instead of Switching Keyboards in iOS
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
Previously, we covered creating keyboard shortcuts to help you quickly type commonly used phrases. Did you know you can also create shortcuts for emoji characters (those cute emoticons that go way beyond your average smiley face)? This is handy if you use a lot of emoji characters and don’t want to switch back and forth between keyboards all the time.

Before you can do this, you’ll have to enable the emoji keyboard if you haven’t already: Go to Settings > General > Keyboards > Add New Keyboard > Emoji.

After you’ve enabled the emoji keyboard, go back to Keyboard and tap Shortcuts. Tap on the + in the upper right corner to create a new shortcut.

Next, tap on the smiley face or globe icon in the lower left between the number and mic icons.

This will take you to the emoji keyboard. In the Phrase field enter the emoji you are creating a shortcut for. Tap the ABC icon to switch back to the English keyboard and then enter a word in the Shortcut field and tap Save in the upper right corner.

Now every time you type this word the emoji character will automatically be substituted.

Shortcuts when Editing in Photos on Mac
Shortcuts in Photos also go directly to specific tools, even if you’re not yet in the editing view. Press C to open the Crop tool, F for filters, A for the Adjust tool, R for the Retouch tool, and E for the Red-eye tool. While you’re editing, press the arrow keys to switch to the previous or next photo without leaving the editing view.

To compare your edits to the original version of the photo, press the M key for a quick before-and- after.

How to Turn Off Government Alerts in iOS
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
There have been a couple of times now that I’ve been startled out of a deep sleep by my iPhone emitting a high pitched screeching sound. The sound was to make me aware of an AMBER (child abduction) Alert.

I think AMBER Alerts are a great thing and help save lives, but what annoyed me was that the alert

was from a city almost 300 miles away from me. Was it really relevant to me?

Most of the time the alerts are pinged off of cell towers and are specific to the area. I’m not sure why I received this particular alert, but it made me consider turning it off.

This is quite easy to do. Just go to Settings > Notifications > then scroll all the way down to the bottom and toggle AMBER Alerts Off. If you don’t see any Government Alerts options, this means your carrier does not offer this service and this tip does not apply to you.

Speed up startup times on Mac
If you are the only user of the Mac you can skip the login screen and go straight to the desktop.

To do this, simply go to your machine’s System Preferences>Users & Groups and then click “Login Options”. Click the padlock in the bottom-left corner and enter your password. Select your name next to Automatic Login.

A word of warning – this removes password security and should not be used on a Mac that other people, however infrequently, can access. It is super fast, but anyone can turn on your Mac and see your files, so use with caution.

Boost Wi-Fi network speeds on Mac
Wireless routers broadcast on what are called channels, and if two, such as you and a neighbour, use the same

channel, then performance suffers. Use Spotlight to find and run Wireless Diagnostics. Click Scan on the Windows menu and all networks and channels are listed. If yours clashes with a neighbour’s, enter your router’s IP address into Safari (eg and you can select another channel in the settings.

Shut down option on Mac
When you shut down, there is an option to Reopen windows when logging back in. Clear the tick box to prevent OS X wasting time opening the apps and windows you used last

Betty’s Bookmarks, April 2016
Here is a site you’ll want to save for whenever you need it! Randy Singer gives you 10 OS X slowdown solutions. Lots to learn here.
Here are four sites (related to eMail presentation) introduced to SMUG members by Zachary Moreno at the March meet- ing.
More members are using Dropbox – so take a minute to read all you can about Dropbox. You can begin right here.
The issue of expired expired certi cates for OS X installers was discussed at the March SMUG meeting. Read about OS X installers that will no longer work for you and what you can do about it.
Do you know you have an app called Preview on your Mac? If not, you aren’t using it. Spend some time with this series of articles. You’ll be rewarded because Preview is a powerhouse app.
Read about “typosquatters” and be aware of the warning not to be tricked by them. An example is to install or not install Adobe Flash. If you missed the precautions and directions about installing Adobe Flash – ask during Q&A at a meeting or in the Help Group.
These three site are all related to the recent Safari update. Stay current with your Apple updates. It’s very important for your Mac’s wellbeing.

Mary’s X Files, March 2016

Import from Camera to OSX App, Preview
**Import from Cameras** — Here’s something you probably didn’t know:

Preview can import images directly from cameras and scanners. Better yet, in Preview’s eyes, your iPhone or iPad counts as a camera.

To import pictures from a camera, connect it to your Mac via a USB cable, open Preview, and choose Import from _CameraName_ (for instance, Import from iPhone).

A window appears displaying thumbnails of the photos on that camera, largely mirroring the look and features of Apple’s Image Capture utility (which lives in the Utilities folder inside your Applications folder). By default, Preview displays the photos in a list, with EXIF information like the date and time the picture was taken, file size, resolution, GPS coordinates, aperture size, whether the flash was fired, and more. Even if you don’t want to use Preview to import your photos, it’s a handy way to view all that data.

Neat Trick via OSX App, Preview
Here’s another neat trick: if you select a file in the Finder, choose Edit > Copy (or press Command-C), and then invoke Preview’s “New from Clipboard” command. It creates a new document containing all sizes and resolutions of that file’s icon. It’s a great way to snag

an application or document icon!

Archive your Contacts

  1. Load up Contact — Open your Contacts app on your Mac by clicking its icon in the Dock or heading to your Applications folder and searching for it.
  2. Export menu — Now go up to File in the menubar and scroll down to the Export menu. From the options that slide out right, select Contact Achieve to continue.
  3. Safe place — All that’s left to do is save your Contacts archive to a safe destination. Hit “Save” when ready. your contact information is now safely backed up.

Share Huge files over Email
Fed up of using WeTransfer or Dropbox to transfer large file sizes over email? We were too, until we started using iCloud’s brilliant Mail Drop feature. As long as you have the ‘Send large attachments with Mail Drop’ setting ticked in the Advanced section of Mail>Preferences>Accounts, you can send files up to 5GB in size over email. The recipient will be sent a link to access the contents, which stays active for 30 days.

Using iCloud Drive
If you’re reading this and you haven’t set up iCloud yet, don’t worry — you’re not alone. Plenty of Apple users have resisted ‘the cloud’ for many reasons. We firmly believe that the positives far outweigh the negatives. Thankfully, Apple makes setting up an iCloud account simple. All you need is an Apple ID and the following instructions…

- Set up on Mac — Go to system Preferences and select iCloud. Activating iCloud is now as simple as entering your Apple ID and enabling which features you want synced.
- Set up on iOS — On your iOS device, head to your Settings menu and tap iCloud. Type in your apple ID credentials, tap Sign In and choose what you want to sync to iCloud.

How to Answer a Call with a Text Message
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
Sometimes, you just don’t have time to answer the phone. Especially if you’re driving, it’s often safer to send an iPhone automated message to let the person know you’ll call them back later. This function is accessible right from the call screen with different messages prepared for quick sending. Here’s how to answer a call with a text message if you happen to be busy.

When your phone is ringing, tap Message over Slide to Answer.

You will get a menu of responses and a Custom option. Tap “Can I call you later?”, “Sorry, I can’t talk right now.” or “I’m on my way.” Your phone will automatically send a text for you.

If you tap the Custom option, a text conversation with that person will appear. Type whatever you like! (But please don’t choose this option if you’re driving!). Tap Send, and you’re done.

Betty’s Bookmarks, March 2016
Here’s a spelling lesson. Not really, but a lesson to help your computer unlearn misspellings, add words you use often or technical, medical and scientific words, and also sync dictionaries across your multiple macs.
You know your iPad (or iPhone) is here somewhere!!! Let your iPhone (or iPad) come to your rescue. You need the Find My iPhone app. This works for all your Apple computers and devices. So just in case you’ve misplaced your iMac, this process has you covered.
Wouldn’t you like to add Disc Eject to your Mac’s Menu Bar? Now you can! You’ll wonder how you ever got along without it. No more dragging that disk to the trash. Yea!
While looking for information and understanding of the Apple-FBI issue, I came upon this site. Some good reading here.
Suffering from a slow iPad. Here you’ll find some tricks to help boost the speed. Contributed by Onita Oles (MIAMUG).
Something’s new on Facebook. Look for the new options built into the LIKE button. Contributed by Mary Nesset (SMUG & MIAMUG).
What a great lesson here on making sure your prints always look their best. This article is by Lesa Snider, you’ll find her website here with much more to read and learn.
Glenn Fleishman, Senior Contributor at MacWorld and also the author of A Practical Guide to Networking, Privacy and Security in iOS 9, (good book) has written this excellent article regarding boosting your Wi-Fi signal.
Here’s the scoop! Rumor Has It that the iPhone 5se and iPad Air 3 will hit store shelves on March 18. Read about the new products here.

Mary’s X Files, February 2016

Get Easy Access to Favorites in Photos
Staying organised in Photos is very important. One simple tip is to add images to your Favorites Album by tapping the heart symbol or hitting the full stop key.

Send and Receive Messages on Your Mac
You can send text messages to friends in OS X no matter what device they use, meaning you can leave your phone in your pocket at all times. The OS X app, Messages, also let you record voice messages.

How to Send International Text Messages
If you travel or do business internationally, you know how costly roaming charges are. Unless your mobile carrier is Sprint or T-mobile (both limited to 2 G data speed), you need an additional service plan to be able to text while abroad. Luckily, with iMessage, you can text from anywhere in the world for free, as long as you have a Wi-Fi connection.

The drawback of iMessage is that the person you’re texting must also have an iPhone. If that’s a deal breaker, I highly recommend using a messaging app like WhatsApp (free for your first year and only a dollar per year thereafter).

To text internationally via iMessage, first turn off your Cellular Data. Next, check that your iMessage app is enabled.

Return to Settings; tap Wi-Fi. Check that Wi-Fi is on and connected, and you’re ready to use iMessage from anywhere in the world.

Request a Desktop Site in Mobile Safari
When you’re on an iDevice (iPhone, iPad or iPod) in Safari, most sites will open up the mobile version by default, but there’s a clever workaround if you’d prefer the full site instead. Open the site and press on the URL bar before dragging downwards on your screen. A small menu will now appear with the “Request Desktop Site” option provided. The full website will load, ready for you to use.

How to Receive AirDrop Files on your iPhone
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
With AirDrop, you can wirelessly send and receive photos, videos, websites, locations, and more with nearby devices running on iOS 7 or later. You can also share with Macs running on Yosemite or later if your iPhone runs on iOS 8 or later. For AirDrop to work, both Wi-Fi and Bluetooth must be turned on and you must be signed into your iCloud account.

To receive a file over AirDrop, swipe up from the bottom of the screen. Select AirDrop. You can receive AirDrops from Everyone, Contacts Only, or turn if Off. I chose Everyone.

Show hidden URLs in Safari
~MacOSX El Capitan Genius Guide
Since upgrading to El Capitan, web browsing in Safari is terrible! Now I can’t see full URLs in the address bar!

- 1 Bring up Safari’s Preferences, either by heading to Safari>Preferences in the menu bar or by hitting Cmd+, (comma) on your Mac’s keyboard.

- 2 There’s a lot on offer inside Safari’s Preferences, but you’ll want to skip most of it and head to the Advanced tab at the far end.
- 3 To complete the process, click the checkbox next to ‘Show full website address’. You should see your change take place.

Split View of One App in El Capitan
Although Apple describes Split View as being a way to put two apps side by side with an appearance similar to full-screen mode, this new feature doesn’t restrict you to showing two different apps; you can put two windows from the same app side by side. This is useful with Finder when archiving contents from your Mac’s internal storage to another drive, to look at two revisions of a Pages document together, or to refer to a copy of a Numbers spreadsheet to look up and type cell references in the master.

How to Create a New Home Screen on your iPhone
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
As we accumulate more apps, we need more screen space to organize them all. You can create multiple Home Screens, allowing you to swipe through Home Screen pages and have access to as many apps as you want. At the bottom of your Home screen, above your stationary Dock apps, are dots indicating how many Home Screen pages you have. If you find you’re running out of space or want to step-up your organization game, here’s how to create a new Home Screen.

To create a new Home Screen, go to the last available Home Screen page you created. Tap and hold an app until it starts wobbling. Drag the app to the right edge of the last Home screen. This will create a new Home Screen.

Betty’s Bookmarks, February 2016
It’s wintertime and you now have a good excuse to start a project. Here is everything you need to know to begin a scanning project. Digitize those photos that are saved in a box and enjoy them digitally. Make slide shows; send them to friends and family; reminisce. Contributed by Mary Nesset (SMUG and MIAMUG).
Whether you have multiple Apple TVs or you just have a new one that you want to rename. Here’s lots of information about going about that task.
If you are interested in learning about Instagram – watch this short tutorial by David A. Cox.
Here’s a beginner’s tutorial on Twitter by David A. Cox.
Okay – let’s learn about Snapchat so you can have fun with your friends and impress your grandchildren.
Stop! Don’t do it! Don’t just yank that flash drive out of your USB port! Learn how to eject a flash drive the correct way.
Here’s a how-to to help you if your Mac laptop’s headphone jack is not behaving.
More and more club members have installed El Capitan. If you haven’t be assured that it’s great and everything will be okay. Learn about El Capitan here with a tutorial. And learn some tips, tricks and shortcuts here:

Mary’s X Files, January 2016

How to Select Text in Trackpad Mode on your iPad in iOS 9
You can also use the virtual trackpad to select text. To select specific lengths of text:
- Launch the app you want to use and bring up the keyboard.
- Touch two fingers down on the keyboard to switch to the trackpad. – Tap two fingers once to select the word.
- Tap two fingers twice to select the sentence.
- Tap two fingers thrice to select the paragraph.

To select custom lengths of text:
- Touch two fingers down on the keyboard to switch to the trackpad. – Wait a moment for the cursor to switch to the text selector.
- Swipe your finger around to move the text selection point.

How to Assign Different Ringtones to Specific People on Your iPhone
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
It’s always fun to set a new ringtone, but what if you want different ringtones for specific people? Here’s how to set that up.

Open Contacts. Find the Contact you want to assign a ringtone to and tap Edit.

Scroll down and select Ringtone. Choose the song you want assign to that person. Tap Done.

How to delete items instantly or selectively from Trash
Reader Len writes:

I frequently use flash drives for backup and to transfer files from one computer to another. I often want to delete one or two files from a flash drive without emptying the trash. Is there any way to do this?

Starting in El Capitan, you’ve got an option for precisely this purpose. While I don’t use the Trash as a temporary repository—a kind of purgatory between an active file and the final bit bucket in the sky— but rather only for items I want to get rid of, many people I know stow stuff in Trash they think they might delete later.

Control-click an item or items in the Trash, and the Delete Immediately menu item appears.

Before El Capitan, you would have had to drag items out of the Trash to delete only those that remain. However, OS X 10.11 adds Delete Immediately. You can select any item or set of items in the Finder, hold down Option, and click the File menu to see Delete Immediately. (You can also press Command-Option-Delete for the same effect.)
This is also useful in the Trash, as you can select items in the Trash and Control-click to get Delete Immediately as a contextual menu item.

However you invoke it, Delete Immediately first prompts you to confirm the action and then erases the filesystem’s knowledge of the item or items selected right away, rather than pushing it through the Move to Trash and Empty Trash cycle. (As previously described, though, deleting files doesn’t securely erase them without extra effort.)

How to Change your Mac’s Default Web Browser and Email App
Back in the early days of OS X, Apple’s desktop operating system shipped with an Internet preference pane that let you change, among other things, your default Web browser and email app. At some point, Apple decided to put these settings in Safari and Mail, respectively, but with OS X Yosemite and later, the option to change your default Web browser returned to its rightful home in System Preferences.

If you’d like to change your Mac’s default browser, open System Preferences (look in the Apple menu if you don’t know where to find it), then click General. Next, find the pop-up menu labelled “Default web browser:” Click it, then choose whichever browser you’d like to use as your default.

The default browser picker. Not every app that appears here is a proper Web browser, however.

There are a couple other things you’ll want to be aware of. First, the Default web browser menu lists any app on your computer that can open Web pages, even if they aren’t necessarily a Web browser, per se. On my computer, for example, Evernote, Cyberduck (an FTP player), and Flip Player (which brings Windows Media compatibility to QuickTime) appear in the pop-up menu, but none of those are browsers.

If you want to change your default email app, you still need to go through Mail.

Second, if you want to change your email client, you still need to do so through Apple’s Mail app. Open Mail, then choose Preferences… from the Mail menu. Click General, then select a new email app from the Default email reader pop-up menu

Betty’s Bookmarks, January 2016
Here’s help for a great project! Learn how to share slideshows created in Photos for Mac. Now get busy! Contributed by Mary Nesset (SMUG & MIAMUG).
This information is crucial if unwanted texts and phone calls have been annoying you. Learn here how to block them. Now be happy!
Bento was a great database and I loved it. However, it’s gone. RIP, Bento. Tap Forms Organizer stepped up to the plate. The app is great, support is superb, your data is available on all your devices, and there is iCloud and Dropbox integration. Free trial available on website. It’s also available to buy in the App Store.
Both SMUG and MIAMUG have so many new members. I must repeat this site to help relieve frustration. If you’re trying to get to a website and it just won’t come up on your screen – try this site. Paste the url into the box and find out if the site is down or the problem is with you.
Here’s information for you regarding TWIT TV programming schedule changes. If you don’t already follow the shows available – give them a try! Watch live or as podcasts or on YouTube.
Here are some tips to organize your Photos in Apple Photos. I need this and perhaps you do also. Skip the annoying ad.
Dr. Mac (aka Bob LeVitus) has posted an informative article for us. He leads us through the easy fix for his Time Machine disk. His process was performing a Safe Boot – which is something we all should know about. Tuck this help article away, you may need it.
This is for AT&T customers. Say goodbye to two-year contracts. Mac Observer calls it a good thing for customers.