Mary’s X Files, October 2016

Set a Default View in Finder on a Mac
Finder can present the contents of your Mac’s storage in four ways – Icon, List, Column and Cover Flow views. Switch between them using command+1 through to command+4. Each view offers a degree of customization: press command+J to change how the current view displays the folder you’re in, now and in future. To apply your choices to all folders, press Use as Defaults at the bottom of that window.

Combo Curative
If you’re left with strange issues after an OS X update that can’t be fixed by other means, such as changing preferences, download that version’s Combo updater from Apple’s support site and install it over your current installation: you may find your problems suddenly vanish. This can also restore normal function to a Mac App Store app that refuses to offer updates. It’s not a universal cure, but worth trying when other ideas fail.

How to Back Up Your iPhone to iTunes on Your Computer
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
There are two ways to back up your iPhone. You can back up your iPhone to iCloud or back up your iPhone to iTunes. I like to have copies of both. An iCloud backup is kept in the cloud, while an iTunes backup is kept on your computer. You don’t need an internet connection to back up your iPhone to iTunes. Apple recommends having both an iCloud and a local backup. Here’s how to back up your iPhone to iTunes on your computer.

To back up your iPhone or iPad to iTunes on your computer, you first need to have the iTunes software installed. It comes installed on Mac computers, and Windows users can download iTunes here.

To back up your device to iTunes:
- Connect your iPhone to your computer using the USB charging cord. iTunes will launch automatically; if it doesn’t, open iTunes.
- In iTunes, locate the icon for your iPhone or iPad, found in the upper left section of iTunes. Click the icon.

How to Easily Unsubscribe from Email Lists in iOS 10
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
iOS 10 introduced a lot of smaller tweaks and features that make a big difference. One of my favorites is the one-step email list unsubscribe. This is especially useful if you signed up for something only to receive loads of spam emails with no obvious unsubscribe button at the bottom. This happened to me recently when signing up for a contest. I realized after the fact that I had also signed up to receive loads of emails from

all different kinds of websites promoting something. Inbox overwhelm set in. But then I saw that beautiful unsubscribe box at the top of the page. Thank you, iOS 10. Here’s how to easily unsubscribe from email lists in Mail with iOS 10 or later.

This solution for unsubscribing to email lists could not be any easier. Here’s how to do it: – Open the Mail app on iPhone or iPad.
- Open the email from the website or company you no longer want to receive emails from.
- At the top of the email, you’ll see blue text that says unsubscribe. Tap unsubscribe.
- Confirm Unsubscribe, and you’re free!

Fast Navigation in System Preferences on Mac
While in a preferences pane, you don’t need to return to the full list to access another. Click and hold the toolbar’s grid button for a list of all panes, or go to the View menu (any item in which can be given a shortcut in Keyboard preferences), or press ccommand+F and type in the search field. When you’re at the top level of the app, the last method highlights relevant panes as you type.

Spring Open a Folder in Finder on a Mac
When you drag items over a folder (or another tab or window in Finder), it springs open. If the delay in doing so is too long, press the Spacebar to instantly open the folder. The delay is adjustable in System Preferences > Accessibility > Mouse & Trackpad.

Betty’s Bookmarks, October 2016
Spend some time here – you’ll see what I mean.
More for you on iOS 10. Good info here.
Watch a video on iOS 10 favorite features.
Selling your phone? Here are the top 4 things you do first!
Here is a podcast discussing macOS Sierra. Hope you enjoy listening. Make sure you subscribe to the future Macworld podcasts.
Macworld provides you with information on 6 Photos features here. It sure is worth the upgrade to Sierra.
Read about how Safari 10 handles Flash.
And finally a macOS review. Lots here to absorb.

Betty’s Bookmarks, September 2016
Dig into learning all the ins and outs of using your clock on your phone.
Here’s a Mac help and support guide. You’ll find some advanced tips and tricks, as well as some help with common problems you can fix on your own. Don’t miss any of the four pages.
Here’s a handy site. Verify your mail settings here, so when you’re setting up your mail account you have all the info you need.
Find My iPhone isn’t limited to the iPhone – it’s also available for the iPad, iPod touch, Apple Watch and Mac. Learn all about it. Make sure you click on all the links in the article – so much information provided.
If you haven’t updated to iOS 9.3.5 DO IT NOW!
Not enough local storage on your phone? – read about solutions and work-arounds here.
Watch this video and be in charge of your Time Machine backups. You are backing up, aren’t you???
Here’s a video with instructions for updating firmware on your router (Airport Extreme or Time Capsule).

Mary’s X Files, September 2016

Saving power with Face-down detection for iPhone
~iLounge Tips
If you get a lot of notifications during the day, you can actually save a bit of battery life by leaving your iPhone face down on a table or other surface. Face-down detection is a subtle feature that Apple snuck into iOS 9 last fall to save a bit of power on modern iPhones by not lighting up the screen whenever text message notifications come in — after all, the screen is one of the biggest power consumers on the iPhone, and since you can’t see the screen anyway when the iPhone is face down, what’s the point in turning it on?

To enable the feature, simply place your iPhone face down on a table when you’re not using it — notifications will still sound or vibrate, according to your settings, but the screen will remain dark unless you pick up the iPhone within a few seconds of receiving the notification. Since the feature uses the M7/M8/M9 motion coprocessors, you’ll need an iPhone 5s or later to take advantage of it, and you’ll need to make sure you haven’t disabled Fitness Tracking under Privacy, Motion & Fitness in the iOS Settings app.

Shake to undo on iPhone
This one can be a little awkward at times but it can be a bit of a life saver. If you’ve just typed a long sentence and accidentally deleted it, or made some other catastrophic error, you can give your iPhone a shake to bring up the undo/redo dialogue box. Just make sure you’re holding on to your iPhone tightly before you shake it!

Since implementing this feature Apple has added an undo button to the system keyboard, thankfully, but this only appears when the iPhone is in landscape mode. If you can’t be bothered to type like that, get shaking.

Mute Noisy Conversations in Messages on Mac
If a conversation in Messages distracts you with a swarm of notifications at the corner of the desktop, rather than turning on the Do Not Disturb feature of Notification Centre, which mutes all notifications, open the conversation, click Details at its top-right corner, and put a check mark next to Do Not Disturb here to mute only this conversation.

Startup Key Combinations for El Capitan
The most commonly useful startup key combos are: “Shift Key” to enter Safe Mode; “Option Key” to select an alternative startup disk; “D” to start a hardware diagnostics test, if available, or hold “Option Key” as well to start it over the internet; “Command Key”+r to enter OS X Recovery, or hold “Option Key” too for the online version; “Command+Option+p+r” to reset NVRAM (see mf-nvram); “Command+s” or “Command+v” for single-user or verbose mode (; and “t” for target disk mode.

“Gatekeeper” Security on Mac in System Preferences
This feature restricts what apps can run according to their source, to reduce the likelihood of installing malware. It offers three options in the Security & Privacy pane, under General: “Anywhere” gives total freedom, essentially turning off Gatekeeper; “Mac App Store only” lets apps from there run; and the middle item also allows apps from other places that are signed by identified developers.

Silent Updates on Mac
Yosemite and El Capitan now undergo silent updates to security files, which may have odd effects. An update to the XProtect security blacklist, say, might disable an old version of Flash or Java. Updates which affect SIP can disable hardware such as network ports when your Mac is next started up. If you think a silent update has altered your Mac, check /Library/Receipts/InstallHistory. plist to see what has occurred.

Speedy Access to System Preferences on Mac
Rather than clicking a pane’s icon in System Preferences, try opening the pane using Spotlight. Type the first few characters of a pane’s name and it’ll likely be the top result. Alternatively, if you keep System Preferences in the Dock, you can control+click its icon there and then select the pane you want it to show immediately upon opening from an alphabetically ordered list.

Mary’s X Files, August 2016

How to access drafts in the Mail app for iPhone and iPad
- Launch the Mail app from the Home screen of your iPhone or iPad.

- Tap and hold the Compose button in the lower right corner. This will bring up the drafted emails. – Tap on the email draft you’d like to edit.

You can fire away the email as soon as you’re done. That’s all there is to it.

Time a Reminder in El Capitan
Place the pointer over a to-do you’ve created in Reminders and click the ‘i’ that appears to the right. In the box that pops up, put a check mark next to ‘On a Day’, then click the date for a mini-calendar. Simply choose the date to be alerted about the item, or choose ‘At a Location’ and then type an address or place name to be reminded when you’re there – or set both!

Sign Documents in Mail in El Capitan
First, you must have an image displayed in a new mail window. Next, when you roll your cursor over the image, a small downward pointing arrow will appear. Click on that arrow and then click on “Markup”. Click the Sign button in the Markup toolbar and you’ll be asked if you want to write your signature by hand, using your trackpad. The tool can also use your Mac’s camera to take a photo of your signature on paper.

How to Add Emoticons to Text Messages in iOS
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
Emoticons are the little icons created from punctuation and symbol keys and are inserted into text to indicate your mood or intention. Most desktop computer programs automatically convert symbols to graphical emoticons. For example, if you type in :-) most programs will automatically convert it to a smily face. iPhone keyboards automatically have a stock of emoticons, but you can also download free emoji apps from the App Store.

First, make sure your Emoji keyboard is enabled. Open Settings. Tap General. Select Keyboard. Tap Keyboards.
If Emoji isn’t already on the list, tap it.

To add emoticons to your text messages, open Messages. Either start a new message or open a current one. Tap the text field. Tap on the globe icon on the lower left of the screen. Tap on the different menus along the bottom of the screen for lots of emoticon choices. Tap on the emoticon of your choice to insert it into the text field. Tap Send.

Use Mail Drop to Send Large Files in El Capitan
Mail Drop lets you send large attachments between 20MB and 5GB in size, even if the recipient’s server would normally reject them. In Mail’s preferences, click Accounts, select an account, click Advanced to the right, and turn on ‘Send large attachments with Mail Drop’. Recipients not using Mail will see the attachment as a download link.

Test Time Machine Backup
Never just assume that Time Machine backups are working okay. Every few weeks, enter Time Machine, browse through your backups and restore an old document and folder to check. Ensure you don’t overwrite any current work in the process.

How to Unfollow Facebook Friends
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
In the world of Facebook, unfriending someone is a big deal. And if you actually know the person, they’ll likely figure out you’ve unfriended them at some point and want to know why. Perhaps it’s not that serious and you would like to stay friends, but you don’t want to see what they post. Luckily, Facebook has the option to unfollow someone while remaining friends. Here’s how to do it.

There are two different ways to unfollow someone. Open the Facebook app. Locate a post by the person you want to unfollow. Tap the arrow next to their name.

Select Unfollow [Name]. You’ll immediately stop seeing posts by that person but continue to be friends. You can also unfollow someone by visiting their profile.

Search for the person you want to unfollow and visit their profile. Locate the Following icon. Tap it. Here you can choose Default, See First, or Unfollow. Select Unfollow.

Betty’s Bookmarks, August 2016
Here is iMessage: The ultimate guide. It certainly is and can be a hot weather project to work your way through the guide. Get started and good luck! Included is lots you’ll find in iOS 10, but you must wait for that.
This is a site you’ll want to review now for content and save for a time when you’ll need it. It covers all the ways you can start up your Mac.
You’ve heard the term – ‘just right click’. What? How do I do that? Here’s the instructions.
Let me say how shocked I am when I hear you’re not using Calendar. Here the ultimate guide to get you started to a more organized life.
This is an important tutorial. Here you learn how to give a user of your Mac more or fewer rights and still maintain your security.
Preview is capable of doing so much. Here’s a few things you can do with Preview. You’ll be a believer!
Markup is a feature that is bundled uno your OS X operating system that lets you draw on, write on, and annotate attachments that you send out in the Mail app. You can also use Markup in iOS.
Always good to be at the top of your game to avoid malware. Good article for you to read.
You have a ton of summer photos piling up? Share them with family and friends. Learn how to set up a iCloud Shared Album.

Mary’s X Files, July 2016

Return to Owner
Even if you have no need for any other iCloud services, it’s worth setting up an account just to use “Find My Mac”, which lets you track your Mac when it’s online using Wi-Fi, and play a sound, lock or erase the Mac when online over Wi-Fi or Ethernet. Also consider putting your contact details on the login window in System Preferences > Security & Privacy > General > Set Lock Message.

Eject a Stuck Disc on a Mac
If your Mac has an optical drive and you can’t get Finder to eject a disc from it, there are a couple of workarounds. With a USB-connected optical drive, disconnect and then reconnect it, which should reset the connection and allow Finder to eject the disc. Otherwise, restart your Mac and hold the “eject” key, the “F12” key or the mouse or trackpad button when you hear the startup sound to eject the disc.

How to See When a Text Was Sent
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
Timestamps used to appear at the top of each text message on your iPhone. However, the old timestamps haven’t disappeared; they’re just hidden now. This is nice since you don’t always need to read the timestamp; and for those occasions when you do need to know when a message was received, here’s how to uncover the hidden timestamps behind each message.

To do this, you’ll have the Messages app open to a particular message. To see the timestamp, simply tap and hold any text message, then drag it to the left from the edge of the screen. Like a shy kitten, the timestamp will slowly peek in from the side.

When you let go, the timestamp will retreat into its hiding spot once again. That’s all there is to it!

Work smarter in Finder on the Mac
Check a folder’s location Turning on the path bar (View > Show Path Bar) shows the current folder’s location across the bottom of its window. Double-click a folder in the bar to jump to it, command-click to open it in a new window, or drag and drop items onto one to move them there.

Show Full address in Safari on Mac
Presumably in an attempt to be minimal and tidy, Safari no longer by default displays a web page’s full address in the Smart Search Field. Click around, say, and the field’s contents will stay unchanged throughout your visit. If that’s unnerving or annoying, tick ‘Show full website address’ in Safari’s Advanced preferences. The field then shows addresses in full. (Even with this setting off, the full address is shown when you click in the field.)

How to Merge Duplicate Contacts
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
It’s inevitable that you will occasionally find yourself with duplicate entries for the same contact. Fortunately, merging the information into a single entry is relatively simple. Here’s how to merge duplicate contacts.

Open your Phone app and tap “Contacts” at the bottom of the screen. Locate the duplicate contact and tap “Edit” in the upper right corner. Scroll down to the very bottom and select “Link Contacts”.
Your contacts will pop up; locate the duplicate you want to merge into a single contact and open it. Tap “Link” in the upper right corner.
If you have more duplicate entries, select “Link Contacts” and repeat.

Tap “Done” once you have linked all duplicate contacts.

To unlink contacts, simply tap the red minus sign next to the contact you wish to unlink.

Manage downloads in Safari on Mac
In Safari’s General preferences, you can choose where file downloads are sent. If you don’t want them to go to your Downloads folder, select “Other” in the pop-up menu. Should you want Safari to ask where to save each one, you can specify that. There’s also a checkbox regarding opening safe files. Clear it if you don’t want your Mac to open docs, distracting you from what you’re doing.

Betty’s Bookmarks, July 2016
Free and open-source software is good for you and good for the world. This is the best free Mac software that we know of. Submitted by Jerry Brasseur (SMUG).
A first look at watchOS 3. It’s great now and will be greater. Submitted by Mary Nesset (SMUG & MIAMUG).
More on watchOS 3.
Great information on using Copy and Paste. So much more here than you already know. Submitted by Mary Nesset (SMUG & MIAMUG).
Just so you know what Google knows about you.
Here’s a How-to! Find out how to transfer a video from OS X to iOS.
It’s summer and your iPhone camera will be doing double duty. Here are some tips and tricks to help you take amazing photos.
Here’s what will excite you about macOS Sierra which is scheduled for a Fall 2016 release. Can’t wait!!!

Betty’s Bookmarks, June 2016
Here’s information I know you’ll appreciate. Lots to learn here about transferring photos from your iPhone to computer.
Learn how to boost your Apple ID protection.
Here’s a list of all you can say to Siri! It’s a comprehensive list – so spend some time on this and then save some time.
Here you will learn methods of transferring files from your Mac to your iPhone, iPad or iPod touch.
Need to transfer files from one Mac to another? Learn the many ways to do it here.
Sometimes your iPhone doesn’t work the way you expect it to work. Here’s a troubleshooting guide to help you with some most common iPhone problems.
Macworld posted some top questions (iOS 9, iCloud, El Capitan) to Mac 911 – and some answers. This is a valuable resource.
When the weather is hot this summer and the AC is on high – take a break and organize your photos within Apple’s Photo app. Watch the youtube video by David A. Cox to get inspired.

Mary’s X Files, June 2016

How to remove recent contacts in the Mail app for iPhone & iPad
When sending an email, the Mail app uses autofill to suggest a contact based on the name you enter. Sometimes, outdated email addresses show up in the suggestion list, even though you’ve updated the person’s information in your Contacts app. There is a way to remove email addresses from these autofill suggestions so you don’t accidentally send something to an unused mail box. Here’s how.

If you have removed an email address from your Contacts app, but it still appears when you are sending a message, get it off the list before you accidentally use it.

- Open the Mail app.
- Tap the Write mail icon in the bottom right corner of the screen.
- Start typing a name.
- Find the old contact when the list of suggested emails appear.
- Tap the info icon next to the name.
- Tap Remove from Recents.
The contact will no longer appear as a suggested email in autofill in the Mail app.

How to Recover Deleted Photos on iOS
~iPhone Life Tip of the Day
If you like to use the camera on your iPhone or iPad, one of the features you’ll appreciate is the ability to recover deleted photos. When you delete a photo, it remains available in the Recently Deleted album on your device for 30 days. If you decide that in fact you want to save a photo you deleted, you can easily recover it. Here’s how to recover deleted photos.

- Navigate to the Albums view in the Photos app. In addition to any albums you’ve added, you’ll see the default album, Recently Deleted.

- Tap on the Recently Deleted album to view the photos you’ve deleted.

- Tap Select to choose the photos you want to recover.

Reset User Password on Mac
If you can’t get past the login window because you’ve forgotten your account password, you can reset it by starting up in OS X Recovery by holding command+r when you hear the startup sound. Choose Utilities > Terminal, then enter resetpassword, select the account to reset and provide a new password. (Note that this won’t change FileVault’s password If you’ve encrypted your disk.)

Mission Control Closer Look
In El Capitan, Apple has switched Mission Control’s presentation to spread out all of your windows instead of stacking them up. If you have many windows open in the same workspace, their previews in Mission Control can get pretty small. To take a closer look at one, put the pointer over it and then press the Spacebar to pull it forward of the others.

Switch Audio Devices on a Mac
Your Mac remembers volume levels for speakers and headphones individually, and makes adjustments as you connect or disconnect them. However, you may not want to unplug your headphones just to demo something to another person. Rather than opening the Sound preferences pane, hold down the option key and click the volume icon in the menu bar to switch to a different input or output device. If that icon isn’t present, turn on ‘Show volume in menu bar’ at the bottom of the Sound preferences’ pane.

Keyboard Shortcuts on the Mac
If a menu item you use often doesn’t list a keyboard shortcut, you can assign it one in System Preferences > Keyboard > Shortcuts > App Shortcuts. Click the + button, select the app in which the item appears, then enter the item’s name exactly as it appears, right down to capitalisation and any ellipsis at its end. Click in the bottom box, then press the key combo you want to trigger the item.

A Hidden Gesture on the Mac
If your Mac has a trackpad, there’s an extra gesture for it tucked away in the Accessibility preferences pane, under Mouse & Trackpad > Trackpad Options. Put a check mark next to ‘Enable dragging’ and select three-finger drag from the adjacent pop-up menu. This

gesture may feel more comfortable for you than clicking and dragging things due to its relative lack of friction.